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cAMP-responsive element modulator (CREM) expression is tissue specific and developmentally regulated. Here we report that CREM is unique within the family of cAMP-responsive promoter element (CRE)-binding factors since it is inducible by activation of the cAMP signaling pathway. The kinetic of expression is characteristic of an early response gene. The(More)
The unusual orphan member of the nuclear hormone receptor superfamily DAX-1 (NR0B1) owes its name to its double role in human pathology. On one side, duplications in Xp21, containing the DAX-1 gene, cause phenotypic sex reversal in XY individuals. On the other side, DAX-1 gene mutations are responsible for adrenal hypoplasia congenita, invariably associated(More)
X-linked adrenal hypoplasia congenita is a developmental disorder of the human adrenal gland that results in profound hormonal deficiencies and is lethal if untreated. We have isolated the gene responsible for the disease, DAX-1, which is deleted or mutated in X-linked adrenal hypoplasia patients. DAX-1 encodes a new member of the nuclear hormone receptor(More)
Mutations in the DAX-1 gene are responsible for congenital X-linked adrenal hypoplasia, a disease that is associated with hypogonadotropic hypogonadism. DAX-1 expression is tissue-specific and is finely regulated throughout development, suggesting that it has a role in both adrenal and gonadal function. DAX-1 is an unusual member of the nuclear-receptor(More)
Steroidogenic Factor-1 (SF-1) is a nuclear receptor transcription factor that has an essential role in the development of adrenal glands and gonads and in the regulation of steroidogenic gene expression. Recent studies using genomic approaches have revealed that SF-1 also has an important role in regulating proliferation of adrenocortical cells and have(More)
DAX-1 is an unusual member of the nuclear hormone receptor superfamily whose expression is mainly, but not uniquely, restricted to steroidogenic tissues. We have recently shown that DAX-1 can block the first and rate-limiting step in steroid biosynthesis by repressing StAR (steroidogenic acute regulatory protein) expression. Here we show that DAX-1 blocks(More)
Signaling by the Wnt family of secreted glycolipoproteins plays key roles in embryonic development of organisms ranging from nematodes to mammals and is also implicated in several types of human cancers. Canonical Wnt signaling functions by regulating the translocation of β-catenin to the nucleus, where it controls key gene expression programs through(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short non-coding RNAs that are involved in the epigenetic regulation of cellular processes. Different malignancies are often associated with the deregulation of specific sets of miRNAs. The prognosis of adrenocortical cancers (ACCs) is very poor as compared to adrenocortical adenomas (ACAs), and even within ACCs there are cases with(More)
Adrenocortical cancer is a rare malignancy for which current pharmacological therapies are still insufficient. We tested the effect of a novel PI3 kinase - mammalian target of rapamycin dual inhibitor (NVP-BEZ235) on proliferation of the H295R adrenocortical cancer cell line in vitro and grown as xenografts in immunodeficient mice. NVP-BEZ235 was able to(More)
BACKGROUND Choroid plexus carcinomas (CPC) are rare tumors predominantly found in children. Given the high frequency of the germline R337H mutation in the TP53 gene in southern Brazil, we have evaluated the frequency of the R337H mutation in families with CPC in children. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS The present series included 29 patients that were(More)