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OBJECTIVE To establish if the correction with estimates of ultraviolet (UV) exposure influences the association between 25-OH-vitamin D (25OHD) levels and metabolic variables. STUDY DESIGN A cross-sectional study was performed in 575 obese children and adolescents (>6 years of age) in a tertiary referral center. Cardiovascular risk factors were measured.(More)
The prevalence of obesity has exponentially risen worldwide. The etiology of obesity is multifactorial, and genetic inheritance and behavioral/environmental causes are considered the main etiological factors. Moreover, evidence that specific infections might promote the development of obesity has steadily accumulated. Only a few works investigate the impact(More)
BACKGROUND Vitamin D exerts pleiotropic effects and few studies are available in the Italian population. AIM Aim of our study was to evaluate vitamin D status in children living in Northern Italy. METHODS We studied vitamin D levels in a population of 113 normal weight (NW) and 444 obese (OB) children, prepubertal and pubertal. We considered vitamin D(More)
GOALS To assess the effectiveness of Bifidobacterium breve B632 and BR03 association in the reduction of infants crying over time. The second endpoint was to observe the effect of the same strains on daily evacuations and on the number of regurgitations and vomits. BACKGROUND Infant colics represent a clinical condition in childhood, characterized by an(More)
BACKGROUND Vitamin D (25OHD) effects on glycemic control are unclear in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes. Aims of this study were to investigate 25OHD status among children with T1DM and its relationship with insulin sensitivity and glycemic status. SUBJECTS AND METHODS A cross sectional study was carried out between 2008-2014. A total of 141(More)
Background:Nutrition and growth in early postnatal life have a role in future diseases. Our aim was to investigate adiponectin oligomers in adequate-for-gestational-age obese children with respect to type and duration of feeding in the first year of life.Methods:Adiponectin oligomers and cardiometabolic risk factors were measured in 113(More)
The craniopharyngioma is a benign intracranial nonglial tumor derived from a malformation of the embryonic tissue. Represents approximately 6-9% of brain tumors in children. It grows close to the optic nerve, hypothalamus and pituitary. The most frequent histological variety in children is adamantinomatous. The initial symptoms of intracranial hypertension(More)
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