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Paclitaxel (PTX) is the front-line chemotherapeutic agent against human non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, its therapeutic efficacy is restricted by the increasing frequency of chemotherapeutic resistance in NSCLC. Accumulating evidence has shown the potential role of microRNAs (miRNAs) in the chemotherapeutic sensitivity of cancer cells.(More)
PURPOSE MicroRNAs (miRNA) are involved in and are controlled by epigenetic regulation, and thereby form a reciprocal regulatory circuit. Using next-generation sequencing (NGS)-based miRNA profiling, this study aimed to discover esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC)-specific miRNAs and miRNA-related epigenetic modulations. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN NGS-based(More)
INTRODUCTION Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is one of the most aggressive malignant tumors. Eukaryotic translation initiation factors 3B (EIF3B) is considered to influence tumor proliferation, invasion, apoptosis and cell cycle, which act together to promote the progression of tumors. However, the role of EIF3B in ESCC is unknown. This study aims(More)
The crystal structure of the l-sorbose dehydrogenase (SDH) from Ketogulonicigenium vulgare Y25 has been determined at 2.7 Å resolution using the molecular replacement method. The overall structure of SDH is similar to that of other quinoprotein dehydrogenases; consisting of an eight bladed β-propeller PQQ domain and protrusion loops. We identified a stable(More)
UNLABELLED Increasing evidence in recent years has suggested that B cells act as a crucial regulator in autoimmune diseases. However, little is known about their role in autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) and the underlying regulatory mechanisms. In this study, we show that B cells ameliorated experimental AIH (EAH) by suppressing CD4+ T-cell responses and that(More)
Interleukin-22 (IL-22) is a cytokine that belongs to the IL-10 family of interleukins. It can be produced by T helper 22 (Th22) cells, T helper 1 (Th1) cells, T helper 17 (Th17) cells, natural killer 22 (NK22) cells, natural killer T (NKT) cells, innate lymphoid cells (ILCs), and γδ T cells. IL-22 acts via binding to a heterodimeric transmembrane receptor(More)
Biological response modifiers (BRMs) emerge as a lay of new compounds or approaches used in improving cancer immunotherapy. Evidences highlight that cytokines, Toll-like receptor (TLR) signaling, and noncoding RNAs are of crucial roles in modulating antitumor immune response and cancer-related chronic inflammation, and BRMs based on them have been explored.(More)
Signal transducer and activator of transcription 6 (STAT6) is involved in epithelial cell growth. However, little is known regarding the STAT6 phosphorylation status in Graves' disease (GD) and its role in thyroid epithelial cells (TECs). In this study, we found that STAT6 phosphorylation (p-STAT6) was significantly increased in TECs from both GD patients(More)
Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a kind of inflammatory bowel diseases characterized by chronic inflammation and ulcer in colon, and UC patients have increased risk of getting colorectal cancer. NKT cells are cells that express both NK cell markers and semi-invariant CD1d-restricted TCRs, can regulate immune responses via secreting a variety of cytokines upon(More)