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The interaction of enveloped viruses with cell surface receptors is the first step in the viral cycle and an important determinant of viral host range. Although it is established that the paramyxovirus Newcastle Disease Virus binds to sialic acid-containing glycoconjugates the exact nature of the receptors has not yet been determined. Accordingly, here we(More)
The stability of a lentil lectin, an all-beta protein, has been perturbed by changes in pH and temperature. In the pH interval 5.0 --> 10.0, the overall secondary structure does not undergo significant changes. However, if the individual components of the infrared amide I band are considered, changes in band components attributed to variations in beta-sheet(More)
The RNA promoters of the genome and antigenome of Newcastle disease virus (NDV) were studied by mutational analysis of their 3' terminal ends. Similarly to other paramyxoviruses, NDV RNA replication follows the rule of six, and the genomic and antigenomic promoters require two discontinuous regions: conserved region I (first 18 nucleotides) and conserved(More)
Two seroepidemiological surveys carried out so far, one in Japan, the other in France, gave a strong indication that dogs may be naturally infected by influenza C virus, considered to be exclusively human until recently. In this work, 101 serum samples were collected during winter 1989/1990 from dogs in Castilla y León, Spain. Sera were tested for the(More)
Sialic acid-containing compounds play a key role in the initial steps of the paramyxovirus life cycle. As enveloped viruses, their entry into the host cell consists of two main events: binding to the host cell and membrane fusion. Virus adsorption occurs at the surface of the host cell with the recognition of specific receptor molecules located at the cell(More)
Detailed differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), steady-state tryptophan fluorescence and far-UV and visible CD studies, together with enzymatic assays, were carried out to monitor the thermal denaturation of horseradish peroxidase isoenzyme c (HRPc) at pH 3.0. The spectral parameters were complementary to the highly sensitive but integral method of DSC.(More)
The structural stability of a peroxidase, a dimeric protein from royal palm tree (Roystonea regia) leaves, has been characterized by high-sensitivity differential scanning calorimetry, circular dichroism, steady-state tryptophan fluorescence and analytical ultracentifugation under different solvent conditions. It is shown that the thermal and chemical(More)
Lipid rafts are membrane microdomains enriched in cholesterol, sphingolipids, and glycolipids that have been implicated in many biological processes. Since cholesterol is known to play a key role in the entry of some other viruses, we investigated the role of cholesterol and lipid rafts in the host cell plasma membrane in Newcastle Disease Virus (NDV)(More)
The shape of enveloped viruses depends critically on an internal protein matrix, yet it remains unclear how the matrix proteins control the geometry of the envelope membrane. We found that matrix proteins purified from Newcastle disease virus adsorb on a phospholipid bilayer and condense into fluidlike domains that cause membrane deformation and budding of(More)
Fusion of the lentogenic strain "Clone 30" of Newcastle disease virus (NDV) with the cell line COS-7 has been studied. Fusion was monitored using the octadecylrhodamine B chloride dequenching assay [Hoekstra, D., de Boer, T., Klappe, K. and Wilschut, J. (1984). Biochemistry 23, 5675-5681]. In the present work, fusion of NDV with COS-7 cells was found to(More)