Enrique Villar

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We report the first measurement of charged particle elliptic flow in Pb-Pb collisions at sqrt[S(NN)] =2.76 TeV with the ALICE detector at the CERN Large Hadron Collider. The measurement is performed in the central pseudorapidity region (|η|<0.8) and transverse momentum range 0.2<p t<5.0 GeV/c. The elliptic flow signal v₂, measured using the 4-particle(More)
The entry into cells of Newcastle disease virus (NDV), a prototype member of the paramyxoviruses, is believed to occur by direct fusion at the plasma membrane through a pH-independent mechanism. In addition, NDV may enter host cells by an endocytic pathway. Treatment of cells with drugs that block caveolae-dependent endocytosis reduced NDV fusion and(More)
The first measurement of the charged-particle multiplicity density at midrapidity in Pb-Pb collisions at a center-of-mass energy per nucleon pair √ S NN = 2.76 TeV is presented. For an event sample corresponding to the most central 5% of the hadronic cross section, the pseudorapidity density of primary charged particles at midrapidity is 1584 ± 4(stat) ±(More)
Sialic acid-containing compounds play a key role in the initial steps of the paramyxovirus life cycle. As enveloped viruses, their entry into the host cell consists of two main events: binding to the host cell and membrane fusion. Virus adsorption occurs at the surface of the host cell with the recognition of specific receptor molecules located at the cell(More)
Serine hydroxymethyltransferase from Escherichia coli was purified to homogeneity. The enzyme was a homodimer of identical subunits with a molecular weight of 95,000. The amino acid sequence of the amino and carboxy-terminal ends and the amino acid composition of cysteine-containing tryptic peptides were in agreement with the primary structure proposed for(More)
Fusion of the lentogenic strain "Clone 30" of Newcastle disease virus (NDV) with the cell line COS-7 has been studied. Fusion was monitored using the octadecylrhodamine B chloride dequenching assay [Hoekstra, D., de Boer, T., Klappe, K. and Wilschut, J. (1984). Biochemistry 23, 5675-5681]. In the present work, fusion of NDV with COS-7 cells was found to(More)
The shape of enveloped viruses depends critically on an internal protein matrix, yet it remains unclear how the matrix proteins control the geometry of the envelope membrane. We found that matrix proteins purified from Newcastle disease virus adsorb on a phospholipid bilayer and condense into fluidlike domains that cause membrane deformation and budding of(More)
The bacterial histidine permease is a model system for ABC transporters (traffic ATPases). The water-soluble receptor of this permease, HisJ, binds L-histidine and L-arginine (tightly) and L-lysine and L-ornithine (less tightly) in the periplasm, interacts with the membrane-bound complex (HisQMP2) and induces its ATPase activity, which results in ligand(More)
The interaction of enveloped viruses with cell surface receptors is the first step in the viral cycle and an important determinant of viral host range. Although it is established that the paramyxovirus Newcastle Disease Virus binds to sialic acid-containing glycoconjugates the exact nature of the receptors has not yet been determined. Accordingly, here we(More)
Influenza virus type C (Johannesburg/1/66) was used as a source for the enzyme O-acetylesterase (EC 3.1.1.53) with several natural sialoglycoconjugates as substrates. The resulting products were immediately employed as substrates using influenza virus type A [(Singapore/6/86) (H1N1) or Shanghai/11/87 (H3N2)] as a source for sialidase (neuraminidase, EC(More)