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Organochlorine pesticides have been used in Mexico in malaria control programs and against ectoparasites. The objective of this study was to compare the levels of organochlorine pesticides: HCB, α-β-γ-HCH, pp'-DDE, op'-DDT and pp'-DDT in adipose tissue of female inhabitants from three Mexican states: Veracruz, Puebla and Tabasco. Data analyses indicated(More)
The objective of the present study was to monitor the levels of organochlorine pesticides HCB; α-, β-, γ-HCH; pp'DDE; op'DDT; and pp'DDT in blood serum of Veracruz, Mexico inhabitants. Organochlorine pesticides were analyzed in 150 blood serum samples that constituted that which remained after clinical analyses, using gas chromatography-electron-capture(More)
Glutamate, the major excitatory transmitter in the vertebrate brain, is removed from the synaptic cleft by a family of sodium-dependent glutamate transporters profusely expressed in glial cells. Once internalized, it is metabolized by glutamine synthetase to glutamine and released to the synaptic space through sodium-dependent neutral amino acid carriers of(More)
Young rabbits are nursed every 24 h for a period of 3-5 min. As a consequence, pups are synchronized to this nursing event; this synchronization is characterized by increased locomotor activity and a peaking of core temperature and plasma corticosterone in anticipation of the daily meal. Ghrelin is a hormone suggested to play a role in meal initiation and(More)
In nature and under laboratory conditions, dams nurse rabbit pups once daily for a duration of fewer than 5 min. The present study explored neural mechanisms mediating the timing of nursing in this natural model of food anticipatory activity, focussing on the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN), the locus of the master circadian clock and on the dorsomedial(More)
Rabbit does nurse their litter once every 24h during the night. We hypothesized that corticosterone, ghrelin, leptin, and metabolites such as glucose, liver glycogen, and free fatty acids could be affected in the pups by the time at which does nurse them. Therefore, we measured these parameters in pups nursed at 02:00 h (nighttime for the doe) to compare(More)
Rabbit does nurse their pups once a day with circadian periodicity and pups ingest up to 35% of their body weight in milk in < 5 min. In the doe, there is a massive release of prolactin. We hypothesised that periodic suckling synchronises dopaminergic populations that control prolactin secretion. We explored this by immunohistochemical colocalisation of(More)
Nursing in the rabbit is a circadian event during which mother and pups interact for a period of < 5 min every day. Here we explored behavioral and neuronal changes in the mother by analyzing the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN), and oxytocinergic (OT) neurons in the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) and the supraoptic nucleus (SON). We maintained lactating does(More)
Rabbit pups represent a natural model of food anticipatory activity (FAA). FAA is the behavioral output of a putative food entrainable oscillator (FEO). It had been suggested that the FEO is comprised of a distributed system of clocks that work in concert in response to gastrointestinal input by food. Scheduled food intake synchronizes several nuclei in the(More)
Rhythmic feeding in rabbit pups is a natural model to study food entrainment because, similar to rodents under a schedule of food restriction, these animals show food-anticipatory activity (FAA) prior to daily nursing. In rodents, several brain systems, including the orexinergic system, shift their activity to the restricted feeding schedule, and remain(More)