Enrique Martínez-Force

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The provision of carbon substrates and reducing power for fatty acid synthesis in the heterotrophic plastids of developing embryos of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) has been investigated. Profiles of oil and storage protein accumulation were determined and embryos at 17 and 24 days after anthesis (DAA) were selected to represent early and late periods of(More)
Two high-palmitic acid sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) mutants, CAS-5 and CAS-12, have been biochemically characterised. The enzymatic activities found to be responsible for the mutant characteristics are β-keto-acyl-acyl carrier protein synthetase II (KASII; EC 2.3.1.41) and acyl-acyl carrier protein thioesterase (EC 3.1.2.14). Our data suggest that the(More)
Modifications of the fatty acid composition of plant vegetative tissues produce deficient plant growth. To determine the expression of the seed high-saturated sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) mutant character during the vegetative cycle, five sunflower mutant lines (three high-stearic and two high-palmitic) have been studied during their germination and(More)
The triacylglycerol (TAG) composition of oils from new high-saturated sunflower lines has been studied by means of GLC. The TAG profiles have been compared with the TAG reconstruction made after lipase hydrolysis (according to the 2-random 1,3-random theory). New TAG species with asclepic (cis,Delta11-octadecenoic acid, isomer of oleic acid), araquidic, or(More)
The substrate specificity of acyl-acyl carrier protein (ACP) thioesterases (EC 3.1.2.14) determines the fatty acids available for the biosynthesis of storage and membrane lipids in seeds. In order to determine the mechanisms involved in the biosynthesis of fatty acids in sunflower seeds (Helianthus annuus L.), we isolated, cloned and sequenced a cDNA clone(More)
A method for plant tissue digestion and triacylglycerol (TAG) extraction followed by transmethylation of TAGs to produce the fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs) from small storage tissue samples is presented. The method allows the analysis of both TAGs and FAMEs from the same sample. Several reagent mixtures and different experimental conditions were tested on(More)
Most common seed oils contain small amounts of very long chain fatty acids (VLCFAs), the main components of oils from species such as Brassica napus or Lunnaria annua. These fatty acids are synthesized from acyl-CoA precursors in the endoplasmic reticulum through the activity of a dissociated enzyme complex known as fatty acid elongase. We studied the(More)
Variations of the yeast free amino acid pool under different culture conditions were studied in two Saccharomyces strains, the laboratory haploid strain S288C and the industrial fermentative yeast IFI256. The internal amino acid pool of both strains was measured when grown in laboratory (minimal and complete) versus semiindustrial (molasses with or without(More)
Acyl-acyl carrier protein (ACP) thioesterases are enzymes that terminate the intraplastidial fatty acid synthesis in plants by hydrolyzing the acyl-ACP intermediates and releasing free fatty acids to be incorporated into glycerolipids. These enzymes are classified in two families, FatA and FatB, which differ in amino acid sequence and substrate specificity.(More)
A full-length hexokinase cDNA, HaHXK1, was cloned and characterized from Helianthus annuus L. developing seeds. Based on its sequence and phylogenetic relationships, HaHXK1 is a membrane-associated (type-B) hexokinase. The predicted structural model resembles known hexokinase structures, folding into two domains of unequal size: a large and a small one(More)