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Two high-palmitic acid sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) mutants, CAS-5 and CAS-12, have been biochemically characterised. The enzymatic activities found to be responsible for the mutant characteristics are β-keto-acyl-acyl carrier protein synthetase II (KASII; EC and acyl-acyl carrier protein thioesterase (EC Our data suggest that the(More)
The substrate specificity of acyl-acyl carrier protein (ACP) thioesterases (EC determines the fatty acids available for the biosynthesis of storage and membrane lipids in seeds. In order to determine the mechanisms involved in the biosynthesis of fatty acids in sunflower seeds (Helianthus annuus L.), we isolated, cloned and sequenced a cDNA clone(More)
The provision of carbon substrates and reducing power for fatty acid synthesis in the heterotrophic plastids of developing embryos of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) has been investigated. Profiles of oil and storage protein accumulation were determined and embryos at 17 and 24 days after anthesis (DAA) were selected to represent early and late periods of(More)
The triacylglycerol (TAG) composition of oils from new high-saturated sunflower lines has been studied by means of GLC. The TAG profiles have been compared with the TAG reconstruction made after lipase hydrolysis (according to the 2-random 1,3-random theory). New TAG species with asclepic (cis,Delta11-octadecenoic acid, isomer of oleic acid), araquidic, or(More)
Modifications of the fatty acid composition of plant vegetative tissues produce deficient plant growth. To determine the expression of the seed high-saturated sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) mutant character during the vegetative cycle, five sunflower mutant lines (three high-stearic and two high-palmitic) have been studied during their germination and(More)
Variations of the yeast free amino acid pool under different culture conditions were studied in two Saccharomyces strains, the laboratory haploid strain S288C and the industrial fermentative yeast IFI256. The internal amino acid pool of both strains was measured when grown in laboratory (minimal and complete) versus semiindustrial (molasses with or without(More)
During sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) seed formation there was an active period of lipid biosynthesis between 12 and 28 days after flowering (DAF). The maximum in-vitro acyl-acyl carrier protein (ACP) thioesterase activities (EC were found at 15 DAF, preceding the largest accumulation of lipid in the seed. Data from the apparent kinetic(More)
A full-length hexokinase cDNA, HaHXK1, was cloned and characterized from Helianthus annuus L. developing seeds. Based on its sequence and phylogenetic relationships, HaHXK1 is a membrane-associated (type-B) hexokinase. The predicted structural model resembles known hexokinase structures, folding into two domains of unequal size: a large and a small one(More)
In this study, we have biochemically characterized the high-stearic sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) mutant CAS-14. This mutant displays an abnormal fatty acid composition along the length of the seed when grown at high temperatures. Thus, at the expense of oleate and linoleate, CAS-14 seeds present an increasing axial gradient of stearic acid from the(More)
To further characterize the stearoyl-acyl carrier protein (ACP) desaturase (EC and the acyl-ACP thioesterase FatB (EC activities from sunflower seeds, we cloned, sequenced and expressed the recombinant genes in Escherichia coli. We obtained two partially purified proteins, His-SAD and His-FATB, each of about 45000 Da. The expression of(More)