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BACKGROUND Taurolithocholate induced cholestasis is a well established model of drug induced cholestasis with potential clinical relevance. This compound impairs bile salt secretion by an as yet unclear mechanism. AIMS To evaluate which step/s of the hepatocellular bile salt transport are impaired by taurolithocholate, focusing on changes in localisation(More)
Oxidative stress elevates Ca2+ and, presumably, activates Ca2+ -dependent PKCs. We analyzed the participation of Ca2+ -dependent PKCs in actin disorganization and tight-junctional impairment induced by the pro-oxidant tert-butylhydroperoxide (tBOOH) in isolated rat hepatocyte couplets. tBOOH (100 microM) augmented radical oxygen species (ROS), as indicated(More)
Vectorial transport of osmotically active solutes from blood into bile is essential for bile flow generation. Therefore, the localization status of hepatocellular transporters involved in this function is critical. These transporters are localized either in the plasma membrane or in an endosomal, submembranous compartment, from where they undergo recycling(More)
We have shown that Ca2+-mediated protein kinase C (PKC) activation induces impairment of bile salt secretory function and F-actin redistribution in hepatocyte couplets. Because oxidative stress induces Ca2+ elevation, we tested here whether PKC inhibition or protein kinase A (PKA) activation, which often counteracts PKC-dependent effects, can prevent and(More)
To evaluate whether a temporary hepatic insufficiency may affect intestinal glucuronidation, we determined UDP-glucuronosyltransferase activity towards bilirubin and p-nitrophenol in rat jejunum and liver after partial hepatectomy. Enzyme assays were performed in native, and in UDP-N-acetylglucosamine- or palmitoyl lysophosphatidylcholine-activated(More)
Treatment of experimental animals with prototypical enzyme inducers represents a useful tool to characterize the role of different isozymes in drug metabolism and to improve our knowledge on factors regulating their synthesis at the transcriptional level. The effect of model enzyme inducers on phase II (conjugating) enzyme families, including(More)
The influence of lactation on hepatic and intestinal glutathione S-transferase activities in mother rats was studied. Cytosolic and microsomal activities were assessed 7, 14 and 21 days after delivery, using 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene as substrate. Cytosolic and microsomal activities from liver and small intestine determined 7 days post partum did not(More)
OBJECTIVE The endogenous, cholestatic metabolite estradiol 17ß-D-glucuronide (E(2)17G) induces endocytic internalization of the canalicular transporters relevant to bile formation, Bsep and Mrp2. We evaluated here whether MAPKs are involved in this effect. DESIGN ERK1/2, JNK1/2, and p38 MAPK activation was assessed by the increase in their phosphorylation(More)
UNLABELLED Estradiol 17β-D-glucuronide (E(2)17G) is an endogenous, cholestatic metabolite that induces endocytic internalization of the canalicular transporters relevant to bile secretion: bile salt export pump (Bsep) and multidrug resistance-associated protein 2 (Mrp2). We assessed whether phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) is involved in E(2)17G-induced(More)
Oxidative stress is a common feature in most hepatopathies. In recent years, evidence has accumulated that reactive oxygen species (ROS) induce a number of functional changes either deleterious or adaptive in the capability of the hepatocytes to produce bile and to secrete exogenous and endogenous compounds. This review is aimed to describe the mechanisms(More)