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The effects of two serotonergic (5-HT1A) receptor agonists (8-OH-DPAT; 0.01, 0.1, 0.3, 1 mg/kg, s.c., and Indorenate; 1, 3, 10 mg/kg, i.p.) were evaluated in three type of seizures in male Wistar rats: clonic-tonic convulsions induced by pentylenetetrazol (PTZ, 60 mg/kg, i.p.), status epilepticus (SE) of limbic seizures produced by kainic acid (KA, 10(More)
Intracerebroventricular (ICV) streptozotocin (STZ) treated rat has been described as a suitable model for sporadic Alzheimer's disease (AD). Central application of STZ has demonstrated behavioral and neurochemical features that resembled those found in human AD. Chronic treatments with antioxidants, acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitors, or improving(More)
The activity-guided fractionation of the ethanol extract of leaves of Annona diversifolia Saff., led to the isolation of palmitone (16-hentriacontanone) as the only anticonvulsant active compound. This aliphatic ketone was highly effective to diminish pentylenetetrazole (PTZ)-induced clonic-tonic seizures and toxicity. Also, it produced a prolongation of(More)
An interval bisection procedure was used to study time discrimination in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR), which have been proposed as an animal model for the attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD); Wistar Kyoto and Wistar rats were used as comparison groups. In this procedure, after subjects learn to make one response (S) following a short(More)
BACKGROUND Adolescent obesity is associated with an increased risk of adult obesity and subsequent cardiovascular diseases. The present study aimed to assess the effect of weight loss after 6-month lifestyle intervention in obese adolescents on biomarkers of endothelial activation and fibrinolytic system. METHODS Eighty-five obese adolescents aged 10 to(More)
The activation of platelets and the resultant aggregation have been shown to play important role in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular, cerebrovascular and peripheral vascular diseases and in acute coronary syndromes. Hence platelet adhesion and aggregation have been identified as promising targets for the development of anti-thrombotic drugs. Glycoprotein(More)
Spinal cord injury (SCI) produces multiple systemic and metabolic alterations. Although some systemic alterations could be associated with ischemic organ damage, little is known about microvascular blood flow (MVBF) in organs other than the spinal cord after acute SCI. We used laser Doppler flowmetry in anesthetized rats to assess MVBF in several tissues(More)
Metronidazole, an effective agent for the treatment of protozoan infections, is frequently used in developing countries. However, the employment of this drug has been questioned in view of its mutagenicity in bacteria and carcinogenicity in mice. A genotoxic study was carried out in which cellular proliferation kinetics and the frequency of sister-chromatid(More)
Desipramine is a widely used antidepressive agent that inhibits the reuptake of noradrenaline and serotonin, and central stimulants such as caffeine and amphetamine help to release noradrenaline and serotonin. This work aimed to evaluate whether the combination of these agents could produce a stronger antidepressant-like effect than either of the drugs(More)
In the present work, the effects of pre- or post-training (ip) injection of BIMU1 and BIMU8 (5-HT4 agonists) were figured out in the autoshaping learning task. Furthermore, the post-training effects of these agonists after treatment with SDZ 205-557 and GR 125487D (5-HT4 antagonists) or p-Chloroamphetamine (PCA) were also explored. Animals were individually(More)