Enrique Cadenas

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Mitochondria have been described as "the powerhouses of the cell" because they link the energy-releasing activities of electron transport and proton pumping with the energy conserving process of oxidative phosphorylation, to harness the value of foods in the form of ATP. Such energetic processes are not without dangers, however, and the electron transport(More)
It has been generally accepted that superoxide anion generated by the mitochondrial respiratory transport chain are vectorially released into the mitochondrial matrix, where they are converted to hydrogen peroxide through the catalytic action of Mn-superoxide dismutase. Release of superoxide anion into the intermembrane space is a controversial topic,(More)
This study was aimed at assessing the effects of long-term exposure to NO of respiratory activities in mitochondria from different tissues (with different ubiquinol contents), under conditions that either promote or prevent the formation of peroxynitrite. Mitochondria and submitochondrial particles isolated from rat heart, liver and brain were exposed(More)
Several reactions in biological systems contribute to maintain the steady-state concentrations of superoxide anion (O(2)*-) and hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)). The electron transfer chain of mitochondria is a well documented source of H(2)O(2); however, the release of O(2)*- from mitochondria into cytosol has not been unequivocally established. This study was(More)
When cells are exposed to an external source of H2O2, the rapid enzymatic consumption of H2O2 inside the cell provides the driving force for the formation of the gradient across the plasma and other subcellular membranes. By using the concepts of enzyme latency, the following gradients - formed after a few seconds following the exposure to H2O2 - were(More)
a synthetic seleno-organic compound, 2-phenyl-1,2-benzoisoselenazol-3(2H)-one (PZ 51), exhibits GSH peroxidase-like activity in vitro, in contrast to its sulfur analog, PZ 25. In addition, PZ 51 behaves as an antioxidant shown by a temporary protection of rat liver microsomes against ascorbate/ADP-Fe-induced lipid peroxidation, an effect also elicited by PZ(More)
Monoamine oxidases A/B (EC, MAO), flavoenzymes located on the outer mitochondrial membrane, catalyze the oxidative deamination of biogenic amines, such as dopamine, serotonin, and norepinephrine. In this study, we examined whether the H2O2 formed during the two-electron oxidation of tyramine [4-(2-aminoethyl)phenol] (a substrate for monoamine(More)
Mitochondria were classically recognized as the organelles that produce the energy required to drive the endergonic processes of cell life, but now they are considered as the most important cellular source of free radicals, as the main target for free radical regulatory and toxic actions, and as the source of signaling molecules that command cell cycle,(More)