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BACKGROUND Psychiatric disorders are among the top causes worldwide of disease burden and disability. A major criterion for validating diagnoses is stability over time. AIMS To evaluate the long-term stability of the most prevalent psychiatric diagnoses in a variety of clinical settings. METHOD A total of 34 368 patients received psychiatric care in the(More)
Anxiety and stress-related disorders, namely posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), obsessive-compulsive disorder (ODC), social and specific phobias, and panic disorder, are a major public health issue. A growing body of evidence suggests that glutamatergic neurotransmission may be involved in the biological mechanisms(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the long-term stability of International Classification of Diseases-10th revision bipolar affective disorder (BD) in multiple settings. METHOD A total of 34 368 patients received psychiatric care in the catchment area of a Spanish hospital (1992-2004). The analyzed sample included patients aged > or =18 years who were assessed on >(More)
Strategies for generating knowledge in medicine have included observation of associations in clinical or research settings and more recently, development of pathophysiological models based on molecular biology. Although critically important, they limit hypothesis generation to an incremental pace. Machine learning and data mining are alternative approaches(More)
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has been implicated in the mechanism of age-related regional brain volumetric changes. Healthy volunteers with the valine to methionine polymorphism at codon 66 of the BDNF gene (val66met) exhibit decreased volume of a number of brain structures, including hippocampus, temporal and occipital lobar gray matter(More)
The aim of the study is to compare the prevalence of suicidal ideation and attempts in the United States in 1991-1992 and 2001-2002, and identify sociodemographic groups at increased risk for suicidal ideation and attempts. Data were drawn from the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism 1991-1992 National Longitudinal Alcohol Epidemiologic(More)
BACKGROUND Major depression is often treated with medications in doses that are too low or too short in duration. We published an early version of the Antidepressant Treatment History Form (ATHF) that rates the adequacy of antidepressant treatment. The updated ATHF presented here includes newer medications and a computer algorithm to automate the evaluation(More)
Attempted suicide appears to be a familial behavior. This study aims to determine the variables associated with family history of attempted suicide in a large sample of suicide attempters. The sample included 539 suicide attempters 18 years or older recruited in an emergency room. The two dichotomous dependent variables were family history of suicide(More)
The association between a polymorphism in the promoter area of the serotonin transporter (17q11.1-q12) with impulsivity and history of aggressive behavior was studied in a Spanish general hospital. Subjects comprised 216 suicide attempters (152 women and 64 men) and 223 control blood donors (124 women and 99 men). They were classified as S individuals (s/s(More)
OBJECTIVE Suicide, a major cause of death worldwide, has distinct biological underpinnings. The authors review and synthesize the research literature on biomarkers of suicide, with the aim of using the findings of these studies to develop a coherent model for the biological diathesis for suicide. METHOD The authors examined studies covering a large range(More)