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BACKGROUND Psychiatric disorders are among the top causes worldwide of disease burden and disability. A major criterion for validating diagnoses is stability over time. AIMS To evaluate the long-term stability of the most prevalent psychiatric diagnoses in a variety of clinical settings. METHOD A total of 34 368 patients received psychiatric care in the(More)
Anxiety and stress-related disorders, namely posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), obsessive-compulsive disorder (ODC), social and specific phobias, and panic disorder, are a major public health issue. A growing body of evidence suggests that glutamatergic neurotransmission may be involved in the biological mechanisms(More)
The aim of the study is to compare the prevalence of suicidal ideation and attempts in the United States in 1991-1992 and 2001-2002, and identify sociodemographic groups at increased risk for suicidal ideation and attempts. Data were drawn from the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism 1991-1992 National Longitudinal Alcohol Epidemiologic(More)
OBJECTIVE Severity of personality disorders (PDs) may be more useful in estimating suicide risk than the diagnosis of specific PDs. We hypothesized that suicide attempters with severe PD would present more attempts and attempts of greater severity/lethality. METHOD Four hundred and forty-six suicide attempters were assessed. PD diagnosis was made using(More)
BACKGROUND Bipolar disorder (BD) is associated with a high prevalence of suicide attempt and completion. Family history of suicidal behavior and personal history of childhood abuse are reported risk factors for suicide among BD subjects. METHODS BD individuals with family history of suicidal behavior and personal history of childhood abuse (BD-BOTH), BD(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the prevalence of suicidal ideation/attempts among Hispanic subgroups in the US in 1991-1992 and 2001-2002, and identify high-risk groups. METHOD Data were drawn from the 1991-1992 National Longitudinal Alcohol Epidemiologic Survey (NLAES, n = 42,862) and the 2001-2002 National Epidemiological Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions(More)
Suicide is one of the leading causes of death, and suicidal ideation and attempts are a major public health problem. However, little is known about the relationship between ethnicity and suicidal behaviors.The goal of this article is to provide an update on the relationship between ethnicity and suicidal ideation and attempts. We review the rates of suicide(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study was to determine the role that birth order, sibship size and family structure have as risk factors in the development of common childhood mental disorders. METHOD A case-control study design was conducted (N = 16,823). The group under study consisted of all those subjects who had consulted with a psychiatrist/psychologist and(More)
It is nowadays accepted that, independently of methodological issues, women commit fewer suicides than men but make more frequent attempts. Yet, female suicidal risk varies greatly along the lifetime and is linked to the most significant moments in it. A wide analysis of the existing literature was performed to provide a narrative description on the(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the long-term stability of International Classification of Diseases-10th revision bipolar affective disorder (BD) in multiple settings. METHOD A total of 34 368 patients received psychiatric care in the catchment area of a Spanish hospital (1992-2004). The analyzed sample included patients aged > or =18 years who were assessed on >(More)