Enrique Arevalo

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To locate general anesthetic binding sites on ligand-gated ion channels, a diazirine derivative of the potent intravenous anesthetic, R-(+)-etomidate (2-ethyl 1-(1-phenylethyl)-1H-imidazole-5-carboxylate), has been synthesized and characterized. R-(+)-Azietomidate [2-(3-methyl-3H-diaziren-3-yl)ethyl 1-(1-phenylethyl)-1H-imidazole-5-carboxylate] anesthetizes(More)
Prenatal ethanol exposure causes fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) in part by disrupting the neural cell adhesion molecule L1. L1 gene mutations cause neuropathological abnormalities similar to those of FASD. Ethanol and 1-butanol inhibit L1-mediated cell-cell adhesion (L1 adhesion), whereas 1-octanol antagonizes this action. To test the hypothesis(More)
General anesthetics often interact more strongly with sites on open than on closed states of ligand-gated ion channels. To seek such sites, Torpedo membranes enriched in nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) were preincubated with the hydrophobic probe 3-(trifluoromethyl)-3-(m-iodophenyl) diazirine ([125I]TID) and exposed to agonist for either 0 ms(More)
Azietomidate is a photoreactive analog of the general anesthetic etomidate that acts as a nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) noncompetitive antagonist. We used rapid perfusion electrophysiological techniques to characterize the state dependence and kinetics of azietomidate inhibition of Torpedo californica nAChRs and time-resolved photolabeling to(More)
The human neuronal Cys-loop ligand-gated ion channel superfamily of ion channels are important determinants of human behavior and the target of many drugs. It is essential for their structural characterization to achieve high-level expression in a functional state. The aim of this work was to establish stable mammalian cell lines that enable high-level(More)
To locate the binding sites of general anesthetics on ligand-gated ion channels, two derivatives of the intravenous general anesthetic etomidate (2-ethyl 1-(phenylethyl)-1H-imidazole-5-carboxylate), in which the 2-ethyl group has been replaced by photoactivable groups based on either aryl diazirine or benzophenone chemistry, have been synthesized and(More)
In order to obtain further information about the structure and function of human sodium/D-glucose cotransporter 1 (hSGLT1), the recombinant protein was subjected, either after reconstitution into liposomes or in its free form, to proteolysis followed by nanoscale microcapillary liquid chromatography electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry(More)
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