Enrique Arevalo

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To locate general anesthetic binding sites on ligand-gated ion channels, a diazirine derivative of the potent intravenous anesthetic, R-(+)-etomidate (2-ethyl 1-(1-phenylethyl)-1H-imidazole-5-carboxylate), has been synthesized and characterized. R-(+)-Azietomidate [2-(3-methyl-3H-diaziren-3-yl)ethyl 1-(1-phenylethyl)-1H-imidazole-5-carboxylate] anesthetizes(More)
General anesthetics often interact more strongly with sites on open than on closed states of ligand-gated ion channels. To seek such sites, Torpedo membranes enriched in nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) were preincubated with the hydrophobic probe 3-(trifluoromethyl)-3-(m-iodophenyl) diazirine ([125I]TID) and exposed to agonist for either 0 ms(More)
Azietomidate is a photoreactive analog of the general anesthetic etomidate that acts as a nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) noncompetitive antagonist. We used rapid perfusion electrophysiological techniques to characterize the state dependence and kinetics of azietomidate inhibition of Torpedo californica nAChRs and time-resolved photolabeling to(More)
To locate the binding sites of general anesthetics on ligand-gated ion channels, two derivatives of the intravenous general anesthetic etomidate (2-ethyl 1-(phenylethyl)-1H-imidazole-5-carboxylate), in which the 2-ethyl group has been replaced by photoactivable groups based on either aryl diazirine or benzophenone chemistry, have been synthesized and(More)
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