Enrico Ronchi

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Virtual reality (VR) has become a popular approach to study human behavior in fire. The present position paper analyses Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats (SWOT) of VR as a research tool for human behavior in fire. Virtual environments provide a maximum of experimental control, are easy to replicate, have relatively high ecological validity,(More)
Certain commercial entities, equipment, or materials may be identified in this document in order to describe an experimental procedure or concept adequately. Such identification is not intended to imply recommendation or endorsement by the National Institute of Standards and Technology, nor is it intended to imply that the entities, materials, or equipment(More)
Keywords: Fire evacuation Social influence Travel paths Tunnel fire Virtual reality Functional analysis Region of interest analysis a b s t r a c t Introduction: Evacuation from tunnel fire emergencies requires quick decision-making and swift action from the tunnel occupants. Social influence (SI) has been identified as an important factor in evacuation.(More)
A review of literature related to fire evacuation in high-rise buildings was carried out with the following objectives, (1) to identify the key behavioural factors affecting the performance of people during a fire in a high-rise building, the singularities associated to this type of buildings and areas of future research; (2) to review the procedures and(More)
FOREWORD Building evacuation strategies are a critical element in high rise building fire safety. Research to date has focused on elevators and exit stairs; however, there is a need to apply this research to relocation and evacuation systems which may include combinations of these two exit strategies as well as new egress components such as sky bridges for(More)
There is limited information about the behavior and movement of people in case of fire evacuation in smoke-filled environments, and there is limited guidance on how peoples' walking speed in smoke can and should be represented in the fire safety design process. In this report, a literature review within this area, and a subsequent recommendation on how to(More)
" This document is intended for publication in the open literature. It is made available on the understanding that it may not be further circulated and extracts or references may not be published prior to publication of the original when applicable, or without the consent of the Publications Officer, ABSTRACT Free unfolding in neutron spectroscopy means(More)
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