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Elevated expression of members of the BCL-2 pro-survival family of proteins can confer resistance to apoptosis in cancer cells. Small molecule obatoclax (GX15-070), which is predicted to occupy a hydrophobic pocket within the BH3 binding groove of BCL-2, antagonizes these members and induces apoptosis, dependent on BAX and BAK. Reconstitution in yeast(More)
Coordinated ribosomal protein (RP) gene expression is crucial for cellular viability, but the transcriptional network controlling this regulon has only been well characterized in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. We have used whole-genome transcriptional and location profiling to establish that, in Candida albicans, the RP regulon is controlled by the Myb(More)
Cathepsin X is a novel cysteine protease which was identified recently from the EST (expressed sequence tags) database. In a homology model of the mature cathepsin X, a unique three residue insertion between the Gln22 of the oxyanion hole and the active site Cys31 was found to be located in the primed region of the binding cleft as part of a surface loop(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are endogenous approximately 22-nucleotide RNAs, which suppress gene expression by selectively binding to the 3'-noncoding region of specific messenger RNAs through base-pairing. Given the diversity and abundance of miRNA targets, miRNAs appear to functionally interact with various components of many cellular networks. By analyzing the(More)
Mutations or overexpression of signalling genes can result in cancer development and metastasis. In this study, we manually assembled a human cellular signalling network and developed a robust bioinformatics strategy for extracting cancer-associated single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) using expressed sequence tags (ESTs). We then investigated the(More)
We present a binding free energy function that consists of force field terms supplemented by solvation terms. We used this function to calibrate the solvation model along with the binding interaction terms in a self-consistent manner. The motivation for this approach was that the solute dielectric-constant dependence of calculated hydration gas-to-water(More)
Cathepsin X is a papain-like cysteine protease with restricted positional specificity, acting primarily as a carboxy-monopeptidase. We mapped the specificities at the S2, S1, and S1' subsites of human cathepsin X by systematically and independently substituting the P2, P1, and P1' positions of the carboxy-monopeptidase substrate Abz-FRF(4NO(2)) with natural(More)
Within the papain family of cysteine proteinases few other residues in addition to the catalytic triad, Cys25-His159-Asn175 (papain numbering) are completely conserved [Berti & Storer (1995) J. Mol. Biol. 246, 273-283]. One such residue is tryptophan 177 which participates in a Trp-His-type interaction with the catalytic His159. In all enzymes of this class(More)
BACKGROUND The bifunctional enzyme formiminotransferase-cyclodeaminase (FTCD) contains two active sites at different positions on the protein structure. The enzyme binds a gamma-linked polyglutamylated form of the tetrahydrofolate substrate and channels the product of the transferase reaction from the transferase active site to the cyclodeaminase active(More)
We conducted a comprehensive analysis of a manually curated human signaling network containing 1634 nodes and 5089 signaling regulatory relations by integrating cancer-associated genetically and epigenetically altered genes. We find that cancer mutated genes are enriched in positive signaling regulatory loops, whereas the cancer-associated methylated genes(More)