Learn More
Three different spermatogenesis loci have been mapped on the Y chromosome and named "azoospermia factors" (AZFa, b, and c). Deletions in these regions remove one or more of the candidate genes (DAZ, RBMY, USP9Y, and DBY) and cause severe testiculopathy leading to male infertility. We have reviewed the literature and the most recent advances in Y chromosome(More)
Microdeletions in Yq11 overlapping three distinct 'azoospermia factors' (AZFa-c) represent the aetiological factor of 10-15% of idiopathic azoospermia and severe oligozoospermia, with higher prevalence in more severe testiculopathies, such as Sertoli cell-only syndrome. Using a PCR-based screening, we analysed Yq microdeletions in 180 infertile patients(More)
During tissue morphogenesis and differentiation, cells must self-renew while contemporaneously generating daughters that contribute to the growing tissue. How tissues achieve this precise balance between proliferation and differentiation is, in most instances, poorly understood. This is in part due to the difficulties in dissociating the mechanisms that(More)
Genome-wide association studies identified noncoding SNPs associated with type 2 diabetes and obesity in linkage disequilibrium (LD) blocks encompassing HHEX-IDE and introns of CDKAL1 and FTO [Sladek R, et al. (2007) Nature 445:881-885; Steinthorsdottir V, et al. (2007) Nat. Genet 39:770-775; Frayling TM, et al. (2007) Science 316:889-894]. We show that(More)
Three distinct regions, designated AZFa, b and c from proximal to distal Yq, are required for normal spermato-genesis in humans. Deletions involving AZFa (deletion interval 5C/D) seem to occur less frequently in infertile men and to be associated with a more severe testicular phenotype, with almost complete absence of germ cells. AZFa contains three genes,(More)
M. SIMONI, E. BAKKER, M. C. M. EURLINGS, G. MATTHIJS, E. MORO, C. R. MUÈ LLER and P. H. VOGT Institute of Reproductive Medicine of the University, MuÈnster, Germany, Department of Human and Clinical Genetics, Leiden, The Netherlands, Center for Human Genetics, University of Leuven, Belgium, Patologia Medica III, University of Padova, Italy, Institute of(More)
The creation of molecular tools able to unravel in vivo spatiotemporal activation of specific cell signaling events during cell migration, differentiation and morphogenesis is of great relevance to developmental cell biology. Here, we describe the generation, validation and applications of two transgenic reporter lines for Wnt/β-catenin signaling, named(More)
Idiopathic Sertoli cell-only syndrome (SCOS) is characterized by azoospermia, small testes, absence of germ cells in the testes, elevated follicle stimulating hormone and normal testosterone concentrations. The Y-chromosome is involved in the regulation of spermatogenesis and in the pathogenesis of a fraction of idiopathic male infertility. An azoospermia(More)
The mammalian securin, pituitary tumor transforming gene (PTTG), regulates sister chromatid separation during mitosis. Mice or cell lines deficient in PTTG expression, however, are surprisingly viable. Here we show that PTTG disruption in mice (PTTG-/-) severely impairs glucose homeostasis leading to diabetes during late adulthood, especially in males(More)
Microdeletions of the Y chromosome long arm are the most common mutations in infertile males, where they involve one or more "azoospermia factors" (AZFa, b, and c). Understanding of the AZF structure and gene content and mapping of the deletion breakpoints in infertile men are still incomplete. We have assembled a complete 4.3 Mb map of AZFb and surrounding(More)