Enrico Montanari

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BACKGROUND The three interferon beta preparations approved for treatment of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (MS) differ in dose and frequency of administration. Interferon beta-1a 30 microg is administered once a week, interferon beta-1a 22 microg or 44 microg is given three times a week, and interferon beta-1b 250 microg is administered on alternate(More)
BACKGROUND Diffusion-tensor magnetic resonance imaging is sensitive to the more destructive aspects of multiple sclerosis (MS) evolution occurring outside and within T2-visible lesions and, as a consequence, holds promise for providing a more complete picture of primary progressive (PP) MS-related tissue damage than conventional magnetic resonance imaging.(More)
Depression is the commonest psychiatric disturbance in people with multiple sclerosis (MS), with prevalence higher than in the general population and other chronic diseases. However, accurate assessment of depressive symptoms can be biased by somatic symptoms which are part of both MS and depression. We translated and adapted into Italian the Chicago(More)
Description of a case of benign acute transverse myelopathy in a young woman who had taken heroin I. V. after a two—year free interval. Spinal angiography was negative but CT scanning of the cord showed a swelling at C3. Descrizione di un caso di mielopatia acuta traversa in una giovane donna che aveva assunto eroina per via endovenosa dopo 2 anni di(More)
BACKGROUND The multiple sclerosis functional composite (MSFC) is a multidimensional, MS-specific outcome measure for use in clinical trials, comprising three tests: timed 25-foot walk (T25FW), paced auditory serial addition (PASAT), and 9-hole peg (9HP). OBJECTIVE To assess interrater and intrarater reliability and practice/fatigue effects in the MSFC. (More)
Three years after the introduction of natalizumab (NA) therapy for the second line treatment of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (MS), Italian MS centers critically reviewed the scientific literature and their own clinical experience. Natalizumab was shown to be highly efficaciuos in the treatment of MS. However, the risk of progressive multifocal(More)
PURPOSE The impact of interferon beta (IFNβ) therapy on a patient's quality of life (QoL) has not been completely clarified. This multicenter, independent, observational and longitudinal study was aimed to evaluate the impact of different pharmaceutical formulations of IFNβ-1a on QoL in patients affected by relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). (More)
Urinary disorders are uncommon in the initial phases of multiple sclerosis, but increase in frequency as the disease progresses, with a negative impact on quality of life. The goal of this study was to propose a protocol for the diagnosis and treatment of urinary disorders in multiple sclerosis, based on data from the scientific literature and the(More)
This study jointly examined illness beliefs held by persons with multiple sclerosis (PwMS) and caregivers in relation to well-being. A group of 68 PwMS and their caregivers completed the Revised Illness Perception Questionnaire, Psychological Well-being Scales, Satisfaction with Life Scale and Positive Affect and Negative Affect Schedule. Findings revealed(More)
The mechanisms underlying the progressive course of multiple sclerosis (MS) are not fully understood yet. Since diffusion tensor (DT) MRI can provide quantitative estimates of both MRI-visible and MRI-occult brain damage related to MS, the present study investigated the value of DT MRI-derived measures for the assessment of the short-term accumulation of(More)