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The psychological aspects (personal traits, way of relating to the surrounding environment, perception of body image, degree of self-esteem) of eight adults with childhood onset growth hormone (GH) deficiency (GHD) were studied before and after 6 months of recombinant GH therapy. Each subject was evaluated using the following tests: the Bem Sex Role test,(More)
The present study addresses the issue of whether a "decision-making disorder" could account for the behavioral problems of severely obese patients (BMI score >34) who are not classified by traditional psychiatric Eating Disorder tests. The neuropsychological test employed, the Gambling Task (GT), is not directly related to the food domain, but it is(More)
The literature on psychological aspects of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) has explored quality of life, depression, anxiety, spirituality, hopelessness, and other constructs in an attempt to understand the patient's grief and other psychological responses to the disease. However, there is a lack of research on the efficacy of psychological(More)
BACKGROUND Relaxation training is a common treatment for anxiety problems. Lacking is a recent quantitative meta-analysis that enhances understanding of the variability and clinical significance of anxiety reduction outcomes after relaxation treatment. METHODS All studies (1997-2007), both RCT, observational and without control group, evaluating the(More)
In the treatment of eating disorders, the cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is still considered the best approach but could present different limitations related to costs of behavioural procedures (such as exposure and desensitization) or difficulty of cognitive techniques (such as imagination of daily scenarios). The major aim of this contribution is the(More)
OBJECTIVES This paper investigates mathematical skills in Prader-Willi Syndrome (PWS), a pathological condition because of congenital alterations of chromosome pair 15. The following questions were addressed: (1) Are mathematical skills in PWS relatively more impaired with respect to other cognitive functions (as has been repeatedly but anecdotally(More)
The objective of this systematic review is to update a previous systematic review on the effectiveness of internet-based interventions for weight loss and weight loss maintenance in overweight and obese people with new or additional studies. A literature search from 2008 to March 2010 was conducted. Studies were eligible for inclusion if: participants were(More)
BACKGROUND Recent research identifies unhealthful weight-control behaviors (fasting, vomiting, or laxative abuse) induced by a negative experience of the body, as the common antecedents of both obesity and eating disorders. In particular, according to the allocentric lock hypothesis, individuals with obesity may be locked to an allocentric (observer view)(More)
Patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) create behavioral motor strategies by using external cues to facilitate their movements. Virtual reality (VR) could work as an external stimulus in order to explore the motor plans by means of creation of mental images. We tested 2 women with PD aged 68 and 69 years, and 10 normal control subjects. Patients underwent a(More)
BACKGROUND Obesity is one of the most important medical and public health problems of our time: it increases the risk of many health complications such as hypertension, coronary heart disease and type 2 diabetes, needs long-lasting treatment for effective results and involves high public and private costs. Therefore, it is imperative that enduring and(More)