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The psychological aspects (personal traits, way of relating to the surrounding environment, perception of body image, degree of self-esteem) of eight adults with childhood onset growth hormone (GH) deficiency (GHD) were studied before and after 6 months of recombinant GH therapy. Each subject was evaluated using the following tests: the Bem Sex Role test,(More)
The present study addresses the issue of whether a "decision-making disorder" could account for the behavioral problems of severely obese patients (BMI score >34) who are not classified by traditional psychiatric Eating Disorder tests. The neuropsychological test employed, the Gambling Task (GT), is not directly related to the food domain, but it is(More)
The literature on psychological aspects of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) has explored quality of life, depression, anxiety, spirituality, hopelessness, and other constructs in an attempt to understand the patient's grief and other psychological responses to the disease. However, there is a lack of research on the efficacy of psychological(More)
Accumulating preclinical and clinical evidence data suggests that compounds that selectively activate neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) subtypes may have therapeutic utility for the treatment of several neurological disorders. In the present study, the in vitro pharmacological properties of the novel cholinergic channel modulator ABT-089(More)
Existential well-being (EWB) and spirituality issues are important factors in determining quality of life (QoL) in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients. No conclusive data among the relation between patient's EWB, their spirituality and caregivers' QoL are available. In the mainframe of a longitudinal study, we performed a cross-sectional analysis(More)
The aim was to explore the body-image perception of a group of 20 hospitalised anorexic patients, aged 18 to 21 years, undergoing a period of treatment. The instrument used was the Askevold nonverbal perception test as modified by Allamani and colleagues in 1978 to assess perception of the dimensions of different parts of the body by exploiting the capacity(More)
The great potential offered by virtual reality (VR) to clinical psychologists derives prevalently from the central role, in psychotherapy, occupied by the imagination and by memory. These two elements, which are fundamental in our life, present absolute and relative limits to the individual potential. Using VR as an advanced imaginal system, an experience(More)
BACKGROUND Relaxation training is a common treatment for anxiety problems. Lacking is a recent quantitative meta-analysis that enhances understanding of the variability and clinical significance of anxiety reduction outcomes after relaxation treatment. METHODS All studies (1997-2007), both RCT, observational and without control group, evaluating the(More)
The in vitro pharmacological properties of a novel cholinergic channel ligand, A-85380 [3-(2(S)-azetidinylmethoxy)pyridine], were examined using tissue preparations that express different putative nAChR subtypes. In radioligand binding studies, A-85380 is shown to be a potent and selective ligand for the human alpha 4 beta 2 nAChR subtype (Ki = 0.05 + 0.01(More)