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The activation of tumoricidal murine macrophages by recombinant human tumor necrosis factor (rH-TNF) alone or in combination with recombinant murine gamma-interferon (rM-IFN-gamma) was examined. When used alone, rH-TNF (10(-1)-10(5) units/ml) did not induce macrophage tumoricidal activity against TNF-insensitive P815 mastocytoma cells. Combining rH-TNF with(More)
BACKGROUND Breast cancer treatments are most effective when initiated early, with very poor efficacy against metastatic disease. In seeking a readily metastasizing mouse breast cancer model to facilitate the search for effective therapies, E0771 medullary adenocarcinomas implanted subcutaneously in syngeneic C57BL/6 mice were studied. MATERIALS AND(More)
To examine the basis of the immune modulation induced by the anticancer agent doxorubicin (DOX), the immunophenotype, tumoricidal activity, cytokine protein and mRNA expression were determined using peritoneal exudate cells (PEC) from saline-treated (untreated) and DOX-treated mice. A greater percentage of PEC from DOX-treated mice than from untreated mice(More)
C57B1/6 mice were injected i.v. with Adriamycin (5 mg/kg) and various days later, spleen cells were tested for Fc dependent phagocytic activity by measuring protection of 51Cr-labelled, antibody coated SRBC from hyptonic shock. No difference in phagocytic activity was observed with spleen cells from untreated mice or mice treated with Adriamycin 1-7 days(More)
This symposium was held in Trento, Italy, from June 27 to 29, 2006, and was co-chaired by Robert Weinberg and Enrico Mihich. The interactions between tumor cells and their microenvironment were discussed with particular emphasis on their molecular mechanisms. The roles of transforming growth factor beta signaling, urokinase, and matrix metalloproteinases in(More)
The EL4 lymphoma in C57BL/6 mice was used as a model to examine the effect of progressive tumor growth on a variety of cell mediated cytolytic effector functions which have been shown in other systems to have antitumor potential. The functions examined were those of cytolytic T-lymphocyte, lymphokine activated killer cells, natural killer cells, and(More)
This laboratory has extensively studied Adriamycin (doxorubicin)-induced immunomodulation. Despite demonstration of favorable effects, little therapeutic advantage was seen, and it was decided to test Adriamycin in combination with interleukin 2 (IL2). Considerable toxicity was seen with either high-dose IL2 or high-dose Adriamycin alone, using the(More)
A safe and effective therapeutic combination of moderate doses of Adriamycin (doxorubicin, 4 mg/kg, IV, Days 1 and 8 or only Day 8) plus prolonged administration of moderate doses of interleukin 2 (2 micrograms, b.i.d., Days 9-40) was developed in the syngeneic EL4 (5 x 10(4) cells, IP, Day 0) lymphoma--C57B1/6 mouse model and has been reported in the(More)
Spleen cell populations from mice treated with Adriamycin or daunorubicin were found to develop a greater complement-independent cellular cytotoxic immune response during culture with allogeneic tumor cells than spleen cells from untreated or cyclophosphamide-treated animals. A temporal and drug dose dependence of this effect was demonstrated. The changes(More)