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We piloted a computer program to train working memory for children with attention problems or hyperactivity who attended an urban public school serving economically disadvantaged neighborhoods. Training was conducted daily for 5 weeks during school hours. Teachers rated children's behaviors before and after the intervention, and standardized assessments of(More)
We explored relationships between anxiety and antisocial behavior and autonomic heart rate regulation in a homogenous sample (N = 175) of 15-year-old males. Measures of anxiety and antisocial behavior were obtained at yearly intervals over a period of 4-6 years. Components of heart rate variability associated with postural (sympathetic) and respiratory(More)
A computerized test of preparedness for effortful processing (alerting attention), response to orienting cues (orienting attention), and response to the interference of competing demands (executive attention) was administered to a diverse sample of 249 children (47% female, 4.96 to 7.27 years) to assess developmental properties and sociodemographic(More)
Temporal stability, discriminant validity, and factor structure of an array of performance measures of impulsivity was assessed within samples of normal (N = 48) and behaviorally disordered children (N = 88) ages 6-16 (126 M, 10 F; mean age = 10.57 years; SD = 2.13). Using a relatively conservative standard for adequate temporal stability, 31% of the(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of the study was to determine whether a history of physical or sexual abuse is more common in children with borderline personality disorder than in other children evaluated in the same outpatient psychiatric clinic. METHOD The authors contrasted rates of abuse in 44 children diagnosed with borderline personality disorder and in 100(More)
We examined executive functions using performance tasks in 126 boys aged 6 to 16 years. who attended public schools and therapeutic schools for children with emotional and behavioral problems. Children were further grouped based on the presence or absence of substantiated abuse histories. Based on their abuse histories and schools of origin, children were(More)
As part of a larger investigation of very low income families, this study examined the characteristics that differentiated resilient from nonresilient school-age youths, with a focus on self-regulation (e.g., executive function, emotion regulation) skills. Resilience was operationally defined in a robust and comprehensive manner using well-established(More)
Most studies of self-regulation involving children have linked it to specific outcomes within a single domain of adaptive functioning. The authors examined the association of self-regulation with a range of indices of adaptive functioning among 155 youth ages 8-18 years from families with very low income. Controlling for other explanatory variables,(More)
In a cross-sectional study of 83 unmedicated boys, 6 to 16 years of age (M = 10.6, SD = 2.1), attending public (N = 48) and therapeutic schools for behaviorally disturbed children (N = 35), we examined relations of externalizing psychopathology to age-dependent change in performance on cognitive and motivational dimensions of impulse control assessed by(More)
Forty-two (42) children (mean age 10.6 years) from mainstream public (N = 22) and therapeutic schools (N = 20) completed performance tasks assessing executive and motivational influences on motor responses. In a separate protocol, children underwent physiologic challenges of paced breathing and supine to standing postural change, while heart rate was(More)