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Leber's congenital amaurosis (LCA) is a group of inherited blinding diseases with onset during childhood. One form of the disease, LCA2, is caused by mutations in the retinal pigment epithelium-specific 65-kDa protein gene (RPE65). We investigated the safety of subretinal delivery of a recombinant adeno-associated virus (AAV) carrying RPE65 complementary(More)
BACKGROUND Gene therapy has the potential to reverse disease or prevent further deterioration of vision in patients with incurable inherited retinal degeneration. We therefore did a phase 1 trial to assess the effect of gene therapy on retinal and visual function in children and adults with Leber's congenital amaurosis. METHODS We assessed the retinal and(More)
The safety and efficacy of gene therapy for inherited retinal diseases is being tested in humans affected with Leber's congenital amaurosis (LCA), an autosomal recessive blinding disease. Three independent studies have provided evidence that the subretinal administration of adeno-associated viral (AAV) vectors encoding RPE65 in patients affected with LCA2(More)
BACKGROUND Gene transfer using adeno-associated viral (AAV) vectors has been successfully applied in the retina for the treatment of inherited retinal dystrophies. Recently, microRNAs have been exploited to fine-tune transgene expression improving therapeutic outcomes. Here we evaluated the ability of retinal-expressed microRNAs to restrict AAV-mediated(More)
Recent success in clinical trials supports the use of adeno-associated viral (AAV) vectors for gene therapy of retinal diseases caused by defects in the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE). In contrast, evidence of the efficacy of AAV-mediated gene transfer to retinal photoreceptors, the major site of inherited retinal diseases, is less robust. In addition,(More)
PURPOSE Mutations in the OA1 gene cause ocular albinism type 1 (OA1), an X-linked form of albinism affecting only the eye, with skin pigmentation appearing normal. To better understand the pathogenesis of this disease the time of onset and the pattern of expression of the mouse homolog of the OA1 gene were monitored during eye development. The localization(More)
Vectors derived from adeno-associated viruses (AAV) represent a promising tool for retinal gene transfer in pre-clinical and clinical settings. AAV vectors efficiently transduce dividing and non-dividing cells, escape cellular immunity and result in long-non-term transduction. In addition, they may be targeted to specific retinal cell types by taking(More)
PURPOSE To localize pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) in developing and adult human ocular tissues. METHODS PEDF was localized in fetal and adult eyes by immunofluorescence with a polyclonal antibody (pAb) against amino acids 327-343 of PEDF, or a monoclonal antibody (mAb) against the C-terminal 155 amino acids of PEDF. Specificity of the(More)
Gene therapy represents a promising therapeutic option for many inherited and acquired retinal diseases. Recombinant adeno-associated viral vectors (AAV) are the most efficient tools to transfer genes in vivo to the retina. The recent identification of dozens of novel AAV serotypes enormously expands on the versatility of AAV as vector system for in vivo(More)
Molecules with neurotrophic activity are being evaluated for treatment of retinitis pigmentosa in animal models. In particular, great interest has been focused recently on erythropoietin (Epo). Evidence of its neurotrophic activity comes mainly from data demonstrating photoreceptor protection in a rodent light-damage model through systemic administration of(More)