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Subjective sleep quality and its related factors were investigated in 869 (530 F, 339 M) 17-year-old adolescents, who were selected from the pupils of state-run secondary schools in the city of Pavia in the north west of Italy. The study was conducted cross sectionally, and it consisted of a questionnaire based survey. One hundred and forty-two subjects(More)
BACKGROUND Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) refers to a monophasic acute multifocal inflammatory CNS disease. However, both relapsing and site-restricted variants, possibly associated with peripheral nervous system (PNS) involvement, are also observed, and a systematic classification is lacking. OBJECTIVE To describe a cohort of postinfectious(More)
Migraine is a common and disabling neurological disease of unknown origin characterized by a remarkable clinical variability. It shows strong familial aggregation, suggesting that genetic factors are involved in its pathogenesis. Different approaches have been used to elucidate this hereditary component, but a unique transmission model and causative gene(s)(More)
PURPOSE The present study was aimed at evaluating electrocardiographic (ECG) changes associated with partial epileptic seizures without seizure activity secondarily generalized. METHODS We assessed heart rate (HR) changes occurring during 100 partial epileptic seizures, as recorded by ambulatory EEG-ECG in 50 outpatients. Consecutive R-R intervals were(More)
OBJECTIVE To verify linkage to chromosome 19p13, to detect mutations in the CACNA1A gene, and to correlate genetic results to their clinical phenotypes in Italian families with familial hemiplegic migraine (FHM). BACKGROUND FHM is an autosomal dominant disease, classified as a subtype of migraine with aura. Only a proportion of FHM patients have been(More)
A bibliographical search was conducted for papers published between 1999 and 2007 to verify the validity of International Classification of Headache Disorders (ICHD)-II criteria for the Tolosa-Hunt syndrome (THS) in terms of (i) the role of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI); (ii) which steroid treatment should be considered as adequate; and (iii) the(More)
A clinical and polygraphic sleep study was carried out in nine patients affected by heredoataxia (three by sporadic olivopontocerebellar ataxia (SOPCA), three by early onset cerebellar ataxia (EOCA) and three by Friedreich's ataxia). None of the patients complained about subjective sleep complaints. Polysomnographic findings showed a decrease in REM time in(More)
The aim of this study was twofold: 1 – to identify a psychological profile of patients with psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNESs) that is possibly distinct from that of subjects affected by epileptic seizures (ESs) alone; 2 – to detect the possible differences between the clinical features and psychological profile of patients affected by PNESs alone(More)
We assessed cognitive performance and its relationship with clinical and anatomic disease severity in MS with mild to moderate handicap; 34 definite MS and 18 healthy subjects matched for age and education were submitted to a neuropsychological test battery. Both groups were examined for anxiety. MS patients underwent magnetic resonance imaging examination.(More)