Enrico Kaden

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The human brain forms a complex neural network with a connectional architecture that is still far from being known in full detail, even at the macroscopic level. The advent of diffusion MR imaging has enabled the exploration of the structural properties of white matter in vivo. In this article we propose a new forward model that maps the microscopic(More)
PURPOSE This article presents a simple method for estimating the effective diffusion coefficients parallel and perpendicular to the axons unconfounded by the intravoxel fiber orientation distribution. We also call these parameters the per-axon or microscopic diffusion coefficients. THEORY AND METHODS Diffusion MR imaging is used to probe the underlying(More)
Diffusion MR imaging has enabled the in vivo exploration of the connectional architecture in human brain. This method particularly reveals the complex system of long-range nerve fibers that integrate the functionally distinct areas of the cerebral cortex. Since the fibers are not directly observed but the diffusion process of water molecules in the(More)
PURPOSE To identify optimal pulsed gradient spin-echo (PGSE) and oscillating gradient spin-echo (OGSE) sequence settings for maximizing sensitivity to axon diameter in idealized and practical conditions. METHODS Simulations on a simple two-compartment white matter model (with nonpermeable cylinders) are used to investigate a wide space of clinically(More)
This paper introduces a multi-compartment model for microscopic diffusion anisotropy imaging. The aim is to estimate microscopic features specific to the intra- and extra-neurite compartments in nervous tissue unconfounded by the effects of fibre crossings and orientation dispersion, which are ubiquitous in the brain. The proposed MRI method is based on the(More)
Diffusion MR imaging provides a unique tool to probe the microgeometry of nervous tissue and to explore the wiring diagram of the neural connections noninvasively. Generally, a forward model is established to map the intra-voxel fiber architecture onto the observable diffusion signals, which is reformulated in this article by adopting a measure-theoretic(More)
Diffusion magnetic resonance (MR) imaging has enabled us to reveal the white matter geometry in the living human brain. The Q-ball technique is widely used nowadays to recover the orientational heterogeneity of the intra-voxel fiber architecture. This article proposes to employ the Funk-Radon transform in a Hilbert space with a reproducing kernel derived(More)
This paper introduces a new computational imaging technique called image quality transfer (IQT). IQT uses machine learning to transfer the rich information available from one-off experimental medical imaging devices to the abundant but lower-quality data from routine acquisitions. The procedure uses matched pairs to learn mappings from low-quality to(More)
In this work, we investigate the value of uncertainty modelling in 3D super-resolution with convolutional neural networks (CNNs). Deep learning has shown success in a plethora of medical image transformation problems, such as super-resolution (SR) and image synthesis. However, the highly ill-posed nature of such problems results in inevitable ambiguity in(More)