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Our hypothesis was that the enhanced MRI of cartilage (dGEMRIC) imaging protocol could be used in patients to quantify the sulfated glycosaminoglycan (sGAG) in intervertebral discs (IVD). To test this hypothesis, 23 patients with degenerative disc pathology scheduled for surgery were studied by a specific dGEMRIC protocol: each patient underwent two MRI(More)
This article revisits the subject of short-term heart-rate and arterial-pressure variability from the perspective of model structures that can be useful in defining signal processing algorithms. We draw a general scheme of the oscillation sources and interactions that contribute to cardiovascular control mechanisms and highlight the elements that were(More)
Recent computational methods enabling patient-specific simulations of native and prosthetic heart valves are reviewed. Emphasis is placed on two critical components of such methods: (1) anatomically realistic finite element models for simulating the structural dynamics of heart valves; and (2) fluid structure interaction methods for simulating the(More)
BACKGROUND Mitral and aortic valves are known to be coupled via fibrous tissue connecting the two annuli. Previous studies evaluating this coupling have been limited to experimental animals using invasive techniques. The new matrix array transesophageal transducer provides high-resolution real-time 3D images of both valves simultaneously. We sought to(More)
We tested the feasibility of real-time three-dimensional (3D) echocardiographic (RT3DE) imaging to measure left heart volumes at different gravity during parabolic flight and studied the effects of lower body negative pressure (LBNP) as a countermeasure. Weightlessness-related changes in cardiac function have been previously studied during spaceflights(More)
Two-dimensional echocardiography (2DE) is routinely used in clinical practice to measure left ventricular (LV) mass, dimensions, and function. The reliability of these measurements is highly dependent on the ability to obtain nonforeshortened long axis (LA) images of the left ventricle from transthoracic apical acoustic windows. Real time three-dimensional(More)
UNLABELLED Magnetic resonance (MR) diagnosis of regional left ventricular (LV) dysfunction relies on visual interpretation of cine images that suffers from wide inter-observer variability, especially when performed by readers not specifically trained in the assessment of LV wall motion. Quantitative analysis tools, though widely available, are rarely used(More)
The goal of the present work was to develop a framework for the analysis of time-varying mitral valve (MV) geometry from cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging, and to integrate these data in a patient-specific simulation of MV closure. CMR imaging of 18 long-axis planes was performed on a healthy subject and on two ischemic patients with MV(More)
AIMS Left-ventricular (LV) conduction disturbances are common in heart-failure patients and a left bundle-branch block (LBBB) electrocardiogram (ECG) type is often seen. The precise cause of this pattern is uncertain and is probably variable between patients, ranging from proximal interruption of the left bundle branch to diffuse distal conduction disease(More)
PURPOSE The reproducibility of left ventricular (LV) volume and mass measurements based on subjective slice-by-slice tracing of LV borders is affected by image quality, and volume estimates are biased by geometric modeling. The authors developed a technique for volumetric surface detection (VoSD) and quantification of LV volumes and mass without tracing and(More)