Enrico G. Caiani

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Recent computational methods enabling patient-specific simulations of native and prosthetic heart valves are reviewed. Emphasis is placed on two critical components of such methods: (1) anatomically realistic finite element models for simulating the structural dynamics of heart valves; and (2) fluid structure interaction methods for simulating the(More)
BACKGROUND Mitral and aortic valves are known to be coupled via fibrous tissue connecting the two annuli. Previous studies evaluating this coupling have been limited to experimental animals using invasive techniques. The new matrix array transesophageal transducer provides high-resolution real-time 3D images of both valves simultaneously. We sought to(More)
UNLABELLED Magnetic resonance (MR) diagnosis of regional left ventricular (LV) dysfunction relies on visual interpretation of cine images that suffers from wide inter-observer variability, especially when performed by readers not specifically trained in the assessment of LV wall motion. Quantitative analysis tools, though widely available, are rarely used(More)
Two-dimensional echocardiography (2DE) is routinely used in clinical practice to measure left ventricular (LV) mass, dimensions, and function. The reliability of these measurements is highly dependent on the ability to obtain nonforeshortened long axis (LA) images of the left ventricle from transthoracic apical acoustic windows. Real time three-dimensional(More)
PURPOSE The reproducibility of left ventricular (LV) volume and mass measurements based on subjective slice-by-slice tracing of LV borders is affected by image quality, and volume estimates are biased by geometric modeling. The authors developed a technique for volumetric surface detection (VoSD) and quantification of LV volumes and mass without tracing and(More)
We aimed testing feasibility of identification of regional left ventricular (LV) endocardial motion abnormalities in mice undergoing coronary ligation (MI), using cine magnetic resonance with retrospective gating and computation of regional fractional area change (RFAC), by comparison with histological "gold standard" evaluation. ROC analysis determined the(More)
BACKGROUND We aimed at developing and testing a nearly automated method for breath-hold artifacts compensation in short-axis (SA) cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) images. The purpose was the reduction of potential misalignment between standard cine SA and two- and four-chamber long-axis (LA) CMR images to allow 3D reconstruction for segmentation or modeling(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Total renal volume (TRV) is an important index to evaluate the progression of autosomal-dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD). TRV has been assessed by manually tracing renal contours from CT or MR scans, often employing contrast medium (CM). We developed a fast and nearly automated technique based on the analysis of MR images acquired(More)