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Alcohol and tobacco consumption are closely correlated and published results on their association with breast cancer have not always allowed adequately for confounding between these exposures. Over 80% of the relevant information worldwide on alcohol and tobacco consumption and breast cancer were collated, checked and analysed centrally. Analyses included(More)
The efficacy of allografting in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is heavily influenced by remission status at the time of transplant. Using polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based minimal residual disease (MRD) analysis, we have investigated retrospectively the impact of submicroscopic leukemia on outcome in 64 patients receiving allogeneic bone marrow(More)
In the retrospective cohort study based on record linkage, the authors studied a cohort of persons born in 1900-1930 (n =144,627), who had lived in the same rural location at least from 1967 to 1980. Estimates for fluoride concentrations (median, 0.1 mg/liter; maximum, 2.4 mg/liter) in well water in each member of the cohort were obtained by a weighted(More)
PURPOSE to investigate the factors affecting survival and toxicity in patients treated with stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS), with special attention to volumes of brain receiving a specific dose (V10 - V16 Gy) as predictors for brain radionecrosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS Two hundred six consecutive patients with 310 cerebral metastases less than 3.5 cm were(More)
PURPOSE To assess the safety and efficacy of fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy (FSRT) for large skull base meningiomas. METHODS AND MATERIALS Fifty-two patients with large skull base meningiomas aged 34-74 years (median age 56 years) were treated with FSRT between June 2004 and August 2009. All patients received FSRT for residual or progressive(More)
BACKGROUND Men with testicular cancer are at an increased risk of leukemia, but the relationship to prior treatments is not well characterized. The purpose of our study was to describe the risk of leukemia following radiotherapy and chemotherapy for testicular cancer. METHODS Within a population-based cohort of 18 567 patients diagnosed with testicular(More)
The Papanicolaou (Pap)-smear history of 212 cases of invasive cervical cancer was compared with that of 1060 age-matched controls drawn from neighbours. In the 5 years before the year of diagnosis 32% of the cases had been screened by Pap smear, compared with 56% of the controls. This difference was statistically highly significant (p less than 0.0001) and(More)
BACKGROUND To assess the accuracy of fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy (FSRT) using a stereotactic mask fixation system. PATIENTS AND METHODS Sixteen patients treated with FSRT were involved in the study. A commercial stereotactic mask fixation system (BrainLAB AG) was used for patient immobilization. Serial CT scans obtained before and during FSRT(More)
PURPOSE To assess the accuracy of patient repositioning and clinical outcomes of frameless stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) for brain metastases using a stereotactic mask fixation system. PATIENTS AND METHODS One hundred two patients treated consecutively with frameless SRS as primary treatment at University of Rome Sapienza Sant'Andrea Hospital between(More)
Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) delivered in 2-5 fractions (multi-fraction SRS) has been employed in patients with brain metastases as an alternative to single-fraction SRS with the aim to reduce late radiation-induced toxicity while maintaining high local control rate. In the present study we have evaluated the efficacy and toxicity of multi-fraction SRS(More)