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OBJECTIVE To test the hypothesis whether pure oxygen ventilation is equally safe and beneficial in fully developed fecal peritonitis-induced septic shock as hyperoxia initiated at the induction of sepsis. DESIGN Prospective, randomized, controlled, experimental study with repeated measures. SETTING Animal research laboratory at a university medical(More)
PURPOSE To test the hypothesis that a carbamylated EPO-FC fusion protein (cEPO-FC) or recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEPO) would protect against kidney ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in pigs with atherosclerosis. METHODS Anesthetized and mechanically ventilated animals received cEPO-FC (50 μg kg(-1)), rhEPO (5,000 IU kg(-1)), or vehicle (n = 9 per(More)
INTRODUCTION Infusing arginine vasopressin (AVP) in vasodilatory shock usually decreases cardiac output and thus systemic oxygen transport. It is still a matter of debate whether this vasoconstriction impedes visceral organ blood flow and thereby causes organ dysfunction and injury. Therefore, we tested the hypothesis whether low-dose AVP is safe with(More)
The pressure-time product (PTP) and work of breathing (W) were measured in 19 intubated patients during weaning from mechanical ventilation after aortocoronary bypass surgery. The patients were supported by two different ventilatory modes: biphasic continuous positive airway pressure (Biphasic CPAP; a ventilatory mode that permits spontaneous breathing at(More)
Hydrogen sulfide (H2S), a gas with the characteristic odor of rotten eggs, is known for its toxicity and as an environmental hazard, inhibition of mitochondrial respiration resulting from blockade of cytochrome c oxidase being the main toxic mechanism. Recently, however, H2S has been recognized as a signaling molecule of the cardiovascular, inflammatory and(More)
Until now, catecholamines were the drugs of choice to treat hypotension during shock states. Catecholamines, however, also have marked metabolic effects, particularly on glucose metabolism, and the degree of this metabolic response is directly related to the beta2-adrenoceptor activity of the individual compound used. Under physiologic conditions, infusing(More)
Mitochondrial functions include production of energy, activation of programmed cell death, and a number of cell specific tasks, e.g., cell signaling, control of Ca2+ metabolism, and synthesis of a number of important biomolecules. As proper mitochondrial function is critical for normal performance and survival of cells, mitochondrial dysfunction often leads(More)
BACKGROUND When used as a pretreatment, hydrogen sulfide (H2S) either attenuated or aggravated lung injury. Therefore, we tested the hypothesis whether posttreatment intravenous Na2S (sulfide) may attenuate lung injury. METHODS After blast wave blunt chest trauma or sham procedure, anesthetized and instrumented mice received continuous intravenous sulfide(More)
OBJECTIVE Early goal-directed therapy aims at balancing tissue oxygen delivery and demand. Hyperoxia (i.e., pure oxygen breathing) has not been studied in this context, since sepsis increases oxygen radical production, which is believed to be directly related to the oxygen tension. On the other hand, oxygen breathing improved survival in various shock(More)