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The striatum is the main recipient of dopaminergic innervation. Striatal projection neurons are controlled by cholinergic and GABAergic interneurons. The effects of dopamine on projection neurons and cholinergic interneurons have been described. Its action on GABAergic interneurons, however, is still unknown. We studied the effects of dopamine on(More)
How the extent and time course of presynaptic inhibition depend on the action potentials of the neuron controlling the terminals is unknown. We investigated this issue in the striatum using paired recordings from cholinergic interneurons and projection neurons. Glutamatergic EPSCs were evoked in projection neurons and cholinergic interneurons by stimulation(More)
We used whole-cell recordings to investigate subthreshold membrane potential oscillations and their relationship with intermittent firing in striatal fast-spiking interneurons. During current injections (100-500 pA, 1 s), these cells displayed a highly variable pattern of spike bursts (comprising 1-30 action potentials) interspersed with membrane potential(More)
Spontaneous rhythmic bursting induced by coapplication of strychnine (1 microM) and bicuculline (20 microM) was observed with electrophysiological recording from pairs of lumbar ventral roots (usually L5) in an isolated preparation of the neonatal rat spinal cord. Bursting was insensitive to exogenously applied GABA or glycine, confirming that it was(More)
Dopamine (DA) has a crucial role in the modulation of striatal neuron activity. Along with projection cells, striatal interneurons receive dense dopaminergic innervation from midbrain neurons, thus, also suggesting that these intrinsic cells represent a synaptic target for DA action in the striatum. In the present study, we investigated the effects of DA on(More)
The motor programme executed by the spinal cord to generate locomotion involves glutamate-mediated excitatory synaptic transmission. Using the neonatal rat spinal cord as an in vitro model in which the locomotor pattern was evoked by 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), we investigated the role of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) and non-NMDA glutamate receptors in the(More)
The cellular mechanisms underlying rhythmic bursts induced in the isolated neonatal rat spinal cord by bath application of strychnine and bicuculline (which block glycine- and gamma-aminobutyric acid-A-receptor-mediated inhibition, respectively) were probed with pharmacological tools. Such spontaneous bursts were recorded either intracellularly from lumbar(More)
1. The effects of blocking gamma-aminobutyric acid- and glycine-mediated synaptic transmission by bicuculline and strychnine on the neonatal rat isolated spinal cord were investigated by intracellular recording from motoneurons with the use of current-clamp and voltage-clamp techniques and by extracellular recording from homologous ventral roots of the L5(More)
Bath-application of increasing concentrations of extracellular K+ elicited alternating motor patterns recorded from pairs of various lumbar ventral roots of the neonatal rat (0-2 days old) spinal cord in vitro. The threshold concentration of K+ for this effect was 7.9 +/- 0.8 mM (mean +/- SD). The suprathreshold concentration range useful to evoke(More)
We investigated the effects of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT, serotonin) in striatal cholinergic interneurones with gramicidin-perforated whole-cell patch recordings. Bath-application of serotonin (30 microm) significantly and reversibly increased the spontaneous firing rate of 37/45 cholinergic interneurones tested. On average, in the presence of serotonin,(More)