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BACKGROUND Regarding hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy, while the bilateral absence of N20/P25 somatosensory evoked potentials (SEPs) is considered to be the best indicator of adverse outcomes, the presence of middle latency evoked potentials (MLCEPs) is associated with a favourable neurological prognosis. The main aim of the present study was to investigate(More)
The cellular proliferative state of 18 incident cases of transitional cell carcinomas of the bladder treated with transurethral resection was blindly determined by two independent observers using Ki-67 monoclonal antibody and silver stain for nucleolar organizer regions (AgNORs). Ki-67 scores were significantly related to histological grade (WHO) (rs =(More)
INTRODUCTION Somatosensory evoked potential (SEP) recordings and continuous electroencephalography (EEG) are important tools with which to predict Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS) scores. Their combined use may potentially allow for early detection of neurological impairment and more effective treatment of clinical deterioration. METHODS We followed up 68(More)
The authors report the case of a patient affected by a cervical spine trauma who developed upper airway obstruction as a result of a retropharyngeal hematoma. An endotracheal intubation with a small-diameter tube was performed, but ventilation and oxygenation were not adequate. An early Percutaneous Dilational Tracheostomy with the Ciaglia technique was(More)
This case series investigates whether painful electrical stimulation increases the early prognostic value of both somatosensory-evoked potentials and functional magnetic resonance imaging in comatose patients after cardiac arrest. Three single cases with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy were considered. A neurophysiological evaluation with an(More)
After spinal cord injury, quadriplegic patients generally require tracheostomy for ventilatory support and airway clearance. Early tracheostomy has several advantages over translaryngeal intubation, but in patients who undergo anterior surgical fixation of the spine, it is often delayed until after recovery of the surgical wound. We report the case of a(More)
We examined the neural activation to consonant-vowel transitions by cortical auditory evoked potentials (AEPs). The aim was to show whether cortical response patterns to speech stimuli contain components due to one of the temporal features, the voice-onset time (VOT). In seven normal-hearing adults, the cortical responses to four different monosyllabic(More)
BACKGROUND Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) supplies systemic blood perfusion and gas exchange in patients with cardiopulmonary failure. The current literature lacks of papers reporting the possible risks of microembolism among the complications of this treatment.In this study we present our preliminary experience on brain blood flow velocity and(More)
OBJECTIVE No specific and sensitive method is available in routine clinical practice to detect pain in anaesthetised patients during surgery. The main aim of the present study was to investigate whether intraoperative somatosensory evoked potentials, the bispectral index, electroencephalogram, blood pressure and heart rate change during painful stimulation(More)
A 56-year-old woman presented with a rapidly growing tumoral mass of the thyroid. In fine-needle aspirates, neoplastic cells were interpreted as undifferentiated (anaplastic) carcinoma. In contrast, histologic examination of tissue samples revealed a tumor with features suggestive of myxoid liposarcoma. The non-epithelial nature was confirmed by(More)