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BACKGROUND In 2006, WHO produced international growth standards for infants and children up to age 5 years on the basis of recommendations from a WHO expert committee. Using the same methods and conceptual approach, the Fetal Growth Longitudinal Study (FGLS), part of the INTERGROWTH-21(st) Project, aimed to develop international growth and size standards(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE This was a nationwide prospective study carried out in Italy between 2005 and 2007, involving 34 centers with a neonatal intensive care unit. The study reports the Italian Neonatal Study charts for weight, length, and head circumference of singletons born between 23 and 42 gestational weeks, comparing them with previous Italian data(More)
BACKGROUND In 2006, WHO published international growth standards for children younger than 5 years, which are now accepted worldwide. In the INTERGROWTH-21(st) Project, our aim was to complement them by developing international standards for fetuses, newborn infants, and the postnatal growth period of preterm infants. METHODS INTERGROWTH-21(st) is a(More)
GH immunolike reactivity was measured by RIA and IRMA tests in the extracts of tissues from human fetuses (8-32 weeks) and adults. For some fetal tissues a comparison was made with the T4 values obtained in a previous study. Both hormones were already measurable in peripheral tissues at 8 weeks of gestation. The increase in GH was faster than for T4 and it(More)
OBJECTIVE Oligosaccharides represent one of the main components of human milk, and they have been assigned important biological functions for newborns. Qualitatively and quantitatively, their presence in milk is strictly related to the expression of the mother's Se and/or Le genes, on the basis of which 4 different milk groups have been described. The aim(More)
OBJECTIVES The primary objective of this study was to determine the bifidogenic effect of galacto-oligosaccharides (GOS) in a follow-on formula and the effects on other intestinal bacteria. Secondary objectives were the effects on stool characteristics, growth, and general well-being. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS In a multicenter, double-blind study, 159(More)
Hereditary hemochromatosis (HH) is a disorder of iron metabolism that leads to iron overload in middle age and can be caused by homozygosity for the C282Y mutation in the HFE gene. Preliminary studies have estimated the frequency of this mutation at 0.5-1% in Italy, but this has not been verified on a large sample. We analyzed 1,331 Italian newborns for the(More)
BACKGROUND A mixture of neutral prebiotic oligosaccharides has been shown to reduce the incidence of atopic dermatitis (AD) and allergy associated symptoms during the first 2 years of life. OBJECTIVE To evaluate if this protective effect against allergy lasted beyond the intervention period until 5 y of age. METHODS In a prospective, double blind,(More)
Successful therapy in cow's milk protein allergy rests on completely eliminating cow's milk proteins from the child's diet: it is thus necessary to provide a replacement food. This prospective study investigated tolerance of donkey's milk in a population of 46 selected children with cow's milk protein allergy, for whom it was not possible to use any cow's(More)
BACKGROUND Charts of size at birth are used to assess the postnatal growth of preterm babies on the assumption that extrauterine growth should mimic that in the uterus. METHODS The INTERGROWTH-21(st) Project assessed fetal, newborn, and postnatal growth in eight geographically defined populations, in which maternal health care and nutritional needs were(More)