Enrica Tamburrini

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BACKGROUND Despite the availability of potent antiretroviral regimens (combination antiretroviral therapy [cART]), HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND) are increasingly recognized. Our aim was to investigate the prevalence and treatment-related correlates of HAND, exploring the potential neurotoxicity of antiretrovirals on cognitive functions. (More)
OBJECTIVE We tested the effects of chloroquine (CQ) on glycosylation of HIV particles and in combination with protease inhibitors (PIs) on HIV replication and on P-glycoprotein (P-gp)/multidrug resistance protein-1 (MRP1). DESIGN CD4 cell lines were infected with laboratory strains and peripheral blood mononuclear cells were infected with primary isolates(More)
BACKGROUND Diagnosis of HIV infection is recently occurring with increasing frequency in middle-aged and in older individuals. As HAART became available, a minimal beneficial effect on immunological outcome in older in respect of younger subjects has been reported. In fact, both the intensity and the rapidity of the immunological response appeared to be(More)
Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)-related primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) is almost always associated with the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), and EBV-DNA in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) has been indicated as a useful tumour marker for this HIV-related neoplasm. AIDS lymphomas also show an enhanced production of IL-10 which is generally(More)
Our aim was to evaluate if genetic diversity of Pneumocystis carinii could influence the detection by molecular techniques in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluids and in non-invasive specimens (induced sputum, oropharyngeal washing and serum/blood). P. carinii is morphologically similar in different hosts although several strains have been identified by(More)
We analysed the characteristics of the pregnancies with a previously undetected HIV infection in a national observational study of pregnant women with HIV in Italy. In a total of 443 pregnancies with available date of HIV diagnosis, 118 were characterized by a previously undetected HIV infection (26.6%, 95% CI 22.5-30.8). The following factors were(More)
BACKGROUND Growth impairment and bone toxicity due to tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) fetal exposure has been described mainly in animals. We evaluated growth pattern and bone health in TDF-exposed HIV-uninfected children born to HIV-infected mothers, defined as seroreverters (SR). METHODS This was a multicentre observational cross-sectional cohort(More)
OBJECTIVES To explore 48 week safety and efficacy of treatment simplification to atazanavir/ritonavir + lamivudine in HIV-infected patients with virological suppression on a stable atazanavir/ritonavir-based standard triple regimen. METHODS This was a single-arm pilot study, enrolling 40 patients on atazanavir/ritonavir + two nucleos(t)ide reverse(More)