Enrica Strettoi

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We report a quantitative analysis of the major populations of cells present in the retina of the C57 mouse. Rod and cone photoreceptors were counted using differential interference contrast microscopy in retinal whole mounts. Horizontal, bipolar, amacrine, and Müller cells were identified in serial section electron micrographs assembled into serial(More)
Mammalian retinal degenerations initiated by gene defects in rods, cones or the retinal pigmented epithelium (RPE) often trigger loss of the sensory retina, effectively leaving the neural retina deafferented. The neural retina responds to this challenge by remodeling, first by subtle changes in neuronal structure and later by large-scale reorganization.(More)
The synaptic connections of the narrow-field, bistratified rod amacrine cell (AII) in the inner plexiform layer (IPL) of the rabbit retina were reconstructed from electron micrographs of continuous series of thin sections. The AII amacrine cell receives a large synaptic input from the axonal endings of rod bipolar cells in the most vitreal region of the IPL(More)
Animal models of retinitis pigmentosa include the rd mouse, in which a mutation of a rod-specific phosphodiesterase leads to the rapid loss of photoreceptors during the early postnatal life. Very little is known about changes occurring in inner retinal neurons after photoreceptor loss. These changes are important in view of the possibility of restoring(More)
Retinal degeneration 10 (rd10) mice are a model of autosomal recessive retinitis pigmentosa (RP), identified by Chang et al. in 2002 (Vision Res. 42:517-525). These mice carry a spontaneous mutation of the rod-phosphodiesterase (PDE) gene, leading to a rod degeneration that starts around P18. Later, cones are also lost. Because photoreceptor degeneration(More)
We investigated the effects of photoreceptor degeneration on the anatomy and physiology of inner retinal neurons in a mouse model of retinitis pigmentosa, the retinal degeneration (rd) mutant mouse. Although there is a general assumption that the inner retinal cells do not suffer from photoreceptor death, we confirmed major changes both accompanying and(More)
We have reconstructed from electron micrographs of a continuous series of thin sections the synaptic connections of the axonal arborizations of all the rod bipolar cells contained in a small region of the retina of the rabbit. We observed that all rod bipolars share the same pattern of connectivity and are probably functionally equivalent. As a rule, they(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small, highly conserved molecules that have been shown to regulate the expression of genes by binding to specific target mRNAs. Dicer, an RNase III endonuclease, is essential for the production and function of mature miRNAs, and removal of Dicer has been shown to disrupt many developmental processes. In this study, Dicer was removed(More)
Retinitis pigmentosa (RP), a family of inherited disorders characterized by progressive photoreceptor death, is a leading cause of blindness with no available cure. Despite the genetic heterogeneity underlying the disease, recent data on animal models show that the degeneration of photoreceptors triggers stereotyped remodeling among their postsynaptic(More)
The bcl-2 gene codes for a protein that acts as a powerful inhibitor of active cell death. Since the transection of the optic nerve in adult mammalians starts a massive process of degeneration in retinal ganglion cells, we investigated whether the overexpression of bcl-2 in adult transgenic mice can protect the axotomized ganglion cells. We performed(More)