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Despite the fact that multiple sclerosis (MS) patients often include leg restlessness as a sensory symptom, MS is not mentioned amongst symptomatic restless legs syndrome (RLS) forms. The aim of this study was to estimate RLS prevalence in a large population of MS patients, comparing clinical and MRI findings between patients with and without RLS. Each of(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this research has been to introduce an automatic method, simple from the mathematical and computational points of view, for the recognition and classification of the A-phases of the cyclic alternating pattern. METHODS The automatic method was based on the computation of 5 descriptors, which were derived from the EEG signal and were(More)
This study examined the effectiveness of the cognitive processes underlying dreaming in patients with complex partial seizures (CPS), by assessing the frequency of recall and the structural organization of dreams reported after awakenings provoked alternately during REM and stage 2 NREM sleep on 12 cognitively unimpaired CPS-patients (six with epileptic(More)
Epileptic seizures during sleep are common. Nocturnal synchronization in thalamocortical networks appears to contribute to the facilitation of sleep-related epilepsy. Specific epileptic syndromes associated with sleep, the differential diagnosis of nocturnal spells, and the use of video-electroencephalographic polysomnography are discussed. The management(More)
Clinical observations show that migraine attacks have a seasonal, menstrual and circadian timing, suggesting a role of chronobiological mechanisms and their alterations in the disease, but little experimental data exists about this issue. The aim of this study was to estimate sleep quality chronotypes and the possible circadian timing of attacks in(More)
We report the case of a 20 years aged male patient with seizures induced by nursery rhymes and children's games. Seizures were precipitated by various triggers, including thinking to a children's rhyme, to a children's game, to the action of giving a kiss with a hand. Among the above triggers, only the last one was able to induce a seizure during our(More)
OBJECTIVES The goal of this study was to determine if vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) has any effect on daytime vigilance and perceived sense of well-being. METHODS Multiple Sleep Latency Tests (MSLTs) were performed and visual reaction times (VRTs) obtained in eight epileptic patients before and during treatment with VNS. Prior to VNS initiation patients'(More)
The increased tendency to fall asleep during the daytime together with increased wakefulness during the night has been demonstrated in patients with advanced Alzheimer's disease (AD). The aim of this study was to assess daytime sleep propensity in a cohort of patients with mild/moderate AD and to correlate it with cognitive impairment. Twenty drug-free AD(More)
Our aim was to evaluate the EEG and clinical modifications induced by the new antiepileptic drug lacosamide (LCM) in patients with epilepsy. We evaluated 10 patients affected by focal pharmacoresistant epilepsy in which LCM (mean 250 mg/day) was added to the preexisting antiepileptic therapy, which was left unmodified. Morning waking EEG recording was(More)
The N70 and P100 components of transient pattern visual evoked potentials (P-VEPs) were measured in migraine patients, with and without aura, and in normal subjects in order to evaluate their latency, amplitude and occipital scalp distribution. The aim was to find any typical electrophysiological abnormalities in migraine. P-VEP N70 and P100 were analyzed(More)