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Clinical observations show that migraine attacks have a seasonal, menstrual and circadian timing, suggesting a role of chronobiological mechanisms and their alterations in the disease, but little experimental data exists about this issue. The aim of this study was to estimate sleep quality chronotypes and the possible circadian timing of attacks in(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this research has been to introduce an automatic method, simple from the mathematical and computational points of view, for the recognition and classification of the A-phases of the cyclic alternating pattern. METHODS The automatic method was based on the computation of 5 descriptors, which were derived from the EEG signal and were(More)
Despite the fact that multiple sclerosis (MS) patients often include leg restlessness as a sensory symptom, MS is not mentioned amongst symptomatic restless legs syndrome (RLS) forms. The aim of this study was to estimate RLS prevalence in a large population of MS patients, comparing clinical and MRI findings between patients with and without RLS. Each of(More)
This study examined the effectiveness of the cognitive processes underlying dreaming in patients with complex partial seizures (CPS), by assessing the frequency of recall and the structural organization of dreams reported after awakenings provoked alternately during REM and stage 2 NREM sleep on 12 cognitively unimpaired CPS-patients (six with epileptic(More)
OBJECTIVE Polysomnographic (PSG) studies in mild cognitive impairment (MCI) are not conclusive and are limited only to conventional sleep parameters. The aim of our study was to evaluate sleep architecture and cyclic alternating pattern (CAP) parameters in subjects with MCI, and to assess their eventual correlation with cognition. METHODS Eleven subjects(More)
Sleep has a marked influence on local epileptogenicity. Sleep deprivation appears to have an independent activating effect. It is effective in provoking spike-wave paroxysms in primary generalized epilepsy. Sleep recordings help in differentiating between partial and generalized epilepsies. Anterior temporal lobe discharges and partial seizures are(More)
We report the case of a 20 years aged male patient with seizures induced by nursery rhymes and children's games. Seizures were precipitated by various triggers, including thinking to a children's rhyme, to a children's game, to the action of giving a kiss with a hand. Among the above triggers, only the last one was able to induce a seizure during our(More)
The increased tendency to fall asleep during the daytime together with increased wakefulness during the night has been demonstrated in patients with advanced Alzheimer's disease (AD). The aim of this study was to assess daytime sleep propensity in a cohort of patients with mild/moderate AD and to correlate it with cognitive impairment. Twenty drug-free AD(More)
Our aim was to evaluate the EEG and clinical modifications induced by the new antiepileptic drug lacosamide (LCM) in patients with epilepsy. We evaluated 10 patients affected by focal pharmacoresistant epilepsy in which LCM (mean 250 mg/day) was added to the preexisting antiepileptic therapy, which was left unmodified. Morning waking EEG recording was(More)
OBJECTIVE To define a unified method for the automatic recognition and quantitative description of EEG phasic events of sleep microstructure occurring during NREM sleep, particularly arousals, phase A subtypes of cyclic alternating pattern and spindles. METHODS The NREM sleep EEG of 10 normal young subjects was examined in order to recognize formal phasic(More)