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A correlation analysis of the amino acid composition and the cellular location of a protein is presented. The statistical analysis discriminates among the following five protein classes: integral membrane proteins, anchored membrane proteins, extracellular proteins, intracellular proteins and nuclear proteins. This segregation into protein classes related(More)
A major problem in genome annotation is whether it is valid to transfer the function from a characterised protein to a homologue of unknown activity. Here, we show that one can employ a strategy that uses a structure-based prediction of protein functional sites to assess the reliability of functional inheritance. We have automated and benchmarked a method(More)
An inducible intracellular beta-glucosidase (EC 3.2.1.21) from Streptomyces sp. QM-B814 (ATCC 11238) has been purified and characterized. The purified polypeptide is monomeric with a relative molecular mass of 62 kDa by SDS-PAGE and 42 kDa by size-exclusion chromatography; its isoelectric point is 4.2. The difference in the molecular mass values can be(More)
Conformational clusters and consensus sequences for protein loops have been derived by computational analysis of their structures in a non-redundant set of 233 proteins with less than 25% sequence homology (X-ray resolution better than 2.5 A). Loops have been classified into five types (alpha-alpha, beta-beta links, beta-beta hairpins, alpha-beta and(More)
Mutation of Thr90 to Ala has a profound effect on bacteriorhodopsin properties. T90A shows about 20% of the proton pumping efficiency of wild type, once reconstituted into liposomes. Mutation of Thr90 influences greatly the Schiff base/Asp85 environment, as demonstrated by altered lambda(max) of 555 nm and pK(a) of Asp85 (about 1.3 pH units higher than wild(More)
Epidermal growth factor (EGF) and its receptor (EGFR) are involved in many aspects of the development of carcinomas, including tumor cell growth, vascularization, invasiveness, and metastasis. Because EGFR has been found to be overexpressed in many tumors of epithelial origin, it is a potential target for antitumor therapy. Here we report that potato(More)
The docking of repressor proteins to DNA starting from the unbound protein and model-built DNA coordinates is modeled computationally. The approach was evaluated on eight repressor/DNA complexes that employed different modes for protein/ DNA recognition. The global search is based on a protein-protein docking algorithm that evaluates shape and electrostatic(More)
In order to identify the role of the bovine herpesvirus type 1 (BHV-1) glycoprotein E (gE) in the viral infection cycle, we have constructed a BHV-1 gE deletion mutant strain (BHV-1 gE-). This strain was assayed in vitro by comparing its growth kinetics with the wild type strain used as a host of the deletion. Our results indicate that those conditions(More)
Site-directed mutagenesis experiments designed to identify the active site of Bacillus licheniformis endo-beta-1,3-1,4-D-glucan 4-glucanohydrolase (beta-glucanase) have been performed. Putative catalytic residues were chosen on the basis of sequence similarity analysis to viral and eukaryotic lysozymes. Four mutant enzymes were expressed and purified from(More)
The thermal stability of proteins was studied, 195 single amino acid residue replacements reported elsewhere being analysed for several protein conformational characteristics: type of residue replacement; conservative versus nonconservative substitution; replacement being in a homologous stretch of amino acid residues; change in hydrogen bond, van der Waals(More)