Enno Schmidt

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Pemphigoid diseases are a group of well defined autoimmune disorders that are characterised by autoantibodies against structural proteins of the dermal-epidermal junction and, clinically, by tense blisters and erosions on skin or mucous membranes close to the skin surface. The most common of these diseases is bullous pemphigoid, which mainly affects older(More)
The diagnostic gold standard of autoimmune bullous diseases is the detection of autoantibodies in skin or mucous membranes by direct immunofluorescence microscopy of a perilesional biopsy. The molecular characterisation of several target antigens within the last 10 years has, however, fostered the development of sensitive and specific diagnostic tools that(More)
BACKGROUND Only limited epidemiologic data are available on autoimmune bullous diseases. Improved diagnostic tools should have led to an increased incidence. To test this hypothesis, all patients with autoimmune bullous disorders who were treated in the Department of Dermatology at the University of Würzburg, Germany, between January 2001 and June 2002 were(More)
BACKGROUND Rituximab has been increasingly used in autoimmune blistering dermatoses, mainly in pemphigus. However, only a few larger case series are available on this subject and information on the efficacy of retreatment with rituximab during relapses is lacking. OBJECTIVE We sought to determine efficacy and adverse effects of adjuvant rituximab. (More)
INTRODUCTION Evidence from a number of open-label, uncontrolled studies has suggested that rituximab may benefit patients with autoimmune diseases who are refractory to standard-of-care. The objective of this study was to evaluate the safety and clinical outcomes of rituximab in several standard-of-care-refractory autoimmune diseases (within rheumatology,(More)
Pemphigus is a life-threatening autoimmune bullous disease associated with autoantibodies to desmoglein 1 and/or 3. The anti-CD20 chimeric mouse monoclonal antibody rituximab has previously been successfully applied in more than 130 reported pemphigus patients with severe and/or refractory disease. Since antibodies against other therapeutics such as(More)
Pemphigus is a life-threatening autoimmune bullous disorder that requires long-term treatment with systemic corticosteroids mostly in conjunction with further immunosuppressants. Rituximab has opened a new avenue for severe and refractory pemphigus patients. In 95% of the 136 pemphigus patients reported to date in the English, French, and German literature,(More)
Novel insights into intra-cellular signalling involved in pemphigus vulgaris (PV), an autoimmune blistering disease of skin and mucous membranes, are now revealing new therapeutic approaches such as the chemical inhibition of PV-associated signals in conjunction with standard immunosuppressive therapy. However, extensive inhibition of signalling molecules(More)
Blocking heat-shock protein 90 (Hsp90) induces death of malignant plasma cells by activation of the unfolded protein response, a signaling pathway activated by accumulation of misfolded proteins within the endoplasmic reticulum. We hypothesized that nontransformed plasma cells are also hypersensitive to Hsp90 inhibition because of their high amount of(More)
Autoantibody-mediated diseases are clinically heterogeneous and often fail conventional therapeutic strategies. Gene expression profiling has helped to identify new molecular pathways in these diseases, although their potential as treatment targets largely remains to be functionally validated. Based on weighted gene co-expression network analysis, we(More)