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BACKGROUND In August 2006, a case of leptospirosis occurred in an athlete after a triathlon held around Heidelberg and in the Neckar river. In order to study a possible outbreak and to determine risk factors for infection an epidemiological investigation was performed. METHODS Participants of the triathlon were contacted by e-mail and were asked to fill(More)
We found antibodies to leptospires in 25 (18%) of 141 wild boars from Berlin (95% confidence interval 12-25). Seropositivity was associated with chronic interstitial nephritis (odds ratio 10.5; p=0.01), and leptospires were detected in kidney tissues. Wild boars represent a potential source for human leptospirosis in urban environments.
BACKGROUND Leptospirosis in dogs is a multiorgan disease affecting mostly kidneys and liver. OBJECTIVES The objective was to characterize prevalence, clinical, and radiological features and outcome of dogs with leptospirosis and pulmonary abnormalities. ANIMALS Fifty dogs with leptospirosis. METHODS Medical records of dogs diagnosed with leptospirosis(More)
BACKGROUND Although leptospirosis is a reemerging zoonosis of global importance, outbreaks related to agricultural exposures are primarily situated in tropical countries. In July 2007, a suspected leptospirosis outbreak was recognized among strawberry harvesters from Eastern Europe who were working in Germany. An investigation was initiated to identify the(More)
Leptospirosis is a bacterial zoonosis in which dogs can act as a reservoir for human infection. The annual vaccination of dogs can prevent leptospirosis caused by serovars included in the vaccine. To date, all available vaccines in Germany include only the serovars Icterohaemorrhagiae and Canicola, the most commonly found serovars prior to the introduction(More)
In this study we compared two routine PCR systems for the detection of Leptospira spp. and assessed their performance when directly applied to kidney samples from small mammals. Although the kappa value of 0.9 indicated a high level of agreement between the tests, the outer membrane lipoprotein gene lipl32 based PCR was more robust and showed a higher(More)
Leptospirosis is a reemerging anthropozoonosis in developing and developed countries [1, 2], and Leptospira spp are endemic to a multitude of domestic and wild animals that shed the infectious pathogen in their urine [1]. Humans usually become infected through contact with urinecontaminated water or soil. Wild boars (Sus scrofa) are well known as animal(More)
The microscopic agglutination test (MAT) is still considered the gold standard for the diagnosis of leptospirosis, although studies have shown that the test is an imperfect gold standard for clinical samples and unsuitable for epidemiological studies. Here, test characteristics of an in-house ELISA were identified for both subclinical and clinical(More)
Affinity chromatography is used for the purification of diagnostic polyclonal antibodies in order to ensure specificity. Most commonly, activated bead-formed agarose or its derivatives are used as gel matrices. Alternative matrix materials have been described, but as yet they do not appear to offer important advantages. In this study, pulverized polystyrene(More)