Enno Kätelhön

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Electrochemical detection of single molecules is being actively pursued as an enabler of new fundamental experiments and sensitive analytical capabilities. Most attempts to date have relied on redox cycling in a nanogap, which consists of two parallel electrodes separated by a nanoscale distance. While these initial experiments have demonstrated(More)
We present a new nanocavity device for highly localized on-chip recordings of action potentials from individual cells in a network. Microelectrode recordings have become the method of choice for recording extracellular action potentials from high density cultures or slices. Nevertheless, interfacing individual cells of a network with high resolution still(More)
We present a model to describe the response of chip-based nanocavity sensors during extracellular recording of action potentials. These sensors feature microelectrodes which are embedded in liquid-filled cavities. They can be used for the highly localized detection of electrical signals on a chip. We calculate the sensor's impedance and simulate the(More)
Electrochemical mapping of neurotransmitter concentrations on a chip promises to be an interesting technique for investigating synaptic release in cellular networks. In here, we present a novel chip-based device for the detection of neurotransmitter fluctuations in real-time. The chip features an array of plane-parallel nanocavity sensors, which strongly(More)
Real-time investigations of neurotransmitter release provide a direct insight on the mechanisms involved in synaptic communication. Carbon fiber microelectrodes are state-of-the-art tools for electrochemical measurements of single vesicle neurotransmitter release. Yet, they lack high-throughput capabilities that are required for collecting robust(More)
We investigate noise effects in nanoscaled electrochemical sensors using a three-dimensional simulation based on random walks. The presented approach allows the prediction of time-dependent signals and noise characteristics for redox cycling devices of arbitrary geometry. We demonstrate that the simulation results closely match experimental data as well as(More)
Micro- and nanofabriation technologies have a tremendous potential for the development of powerful sensor array platforms for electrochemical detection. The ability to integrate electrochemical sensor arrays with microfluidic devices nowadays provides possibilities for advanced lab-on-a-chip technology for the detection or quantification of multiple targets(More)
We introduce a novel device for the mapping of redox-active compounds at high spatial resolution based on a crossbar electrode architecture. The sensor array is formed by two sets of 16 parallel band electrodes that are arranged perpendicular to each other on the wafer surface. At each intersection, the crossing bars are separated by a ca. 65 nm high(More)
Recent progress in the theory and practice of voltammetry is surveyed and evaluated. The transformation over the last decade of the level of modelling and simulation of experiments has realised major advances such that electrochemical techniques can be fully developed and applied to real chemical problems of distinct complexity. This review focuses on the(More)
We demonstrate the electrochemical detection and characterization of individual nanoparticle-enzyme hybrids. Silica nanoparticles were functionalized with catalase enzyme and investigated spectroscopically and electrochemically. The catalytic activity of the hybrids towards hydrogen peroxide decomposition was comparable to the activity of a freely diffusing(More)