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Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha is initially synthesized as a membrane-bound, cell-associated 26-kDa protein that is further cleaved to yield the soluble 17-kDa form. By using a radiolabeled in vitro translated TNF-alpha precursor we detected a serine proteinase processing activity present in crude membrane preparations of monocytic cells able to generate(More)
A drinking water treatment plant in Viimsi, Estonia, was monitored over three years for iron, manganese, radium-226, radium-228, as well as their daughter nuclides, in order to determine the efficiency of the treatment process, gain an insight into the removal mechanisms and interactions between radium, iron, and manganese, and assess the overall longevity(More)
Peat cores were collected from a Sphagnum-dominated Selisoo bog, which is located about 40 km from the large oil shale-fired power plants (PPs) in Estonia. These PPs have been operational from the 1960's and had the largest negative impact on the surrounding environment during the 1970's and 1980's. Nearby ombrotrophic peatlands are good indicators of(More)
Radiotherapy plays an important role in the management of prostate cancer. Epidemiological data indicate a small but sinificant risk of radiation-induced leukemia after radiotherapy which might be related to the high mean bone marrow dose associated with radiotherapy of prostate cancer. The purpose of the study was to investigate the relation between the(More)
The deposition and vertical depth distribution of 134Cs and 137Cs in the natural undisturbed soil profiles down to 20-25 cm were studied at locations in the North Eastern Estonia, which were most strongly affected by the Chernobyl fallout in 1986. The total depositions were estimated based on summing the sampled and measured activities of 134Cs and 137Cs in(More)
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