Enn K. Seppet

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The kinetics of regulation of mitochondrial respiration by endogenous and exogenous ADP in muscle cells in situ was studied in skinned cardiac and skeletal muscle fibres. Endogenous ADP production was initiated by addition of MgATP; under these conditions the respiration rate and ADP concentration in the medium were dependent on the calcium concentration,(More)
Regulation of mitochondrial respiration in situ in the muscle cells was studied by using fully permeabilized muscle fibers and cardiomyocytes. The results show that the kinetics of regulation of mitochondrial respiration in situ by exogenous ADP are very different from the kinetics of its regulation by endogenous ADP. In cardiac and m. soleus fibers(More)
The kinetics of in vivo regulation of mitochondrial respiration by ADP was studied in rat heart, slow-twitch skeletal muscle (soleus) and fast-twitch skeletal muscle (gastrocnemius, plantaris, quadriceps and tibialis anterior) by means of saponin-skinned fibres. Mitochondrial respiratory parameters were determined in the absence and presence of creatine (20(More)
The aim of this review is to analyze the results of experimental research of mechanisms of regulation of mitochondrial respiration in cardiac and skeletal muscle cells in vivo obtained by using the permeabilized cell technique. Such an analysis in the framework of Molecular Systems Bioenergetics shows that the mechanisms of regulation of energy fluxes(More)
In this review we analyze the concepts and the experimental data on the mechanisms of the regulation of energy metabolism in muscle cells. Muscular energetics is based on the force–length relationship, which in the whole heart is expressed as a Frank–Starling law, by which the alterations of left ventricle diastolic volume change linearly both the cardiac(More)
Within the European multi-centre MyoAge project, one workpackage was designed to investigate the contribution of age-related changes to muscle mass, contractile characteristics and neural control in relation to reductions in mobility in older age. The methodology has been described here. Test centres were located in Manchester, UK; Paris, France; Leiden,(More)
Despite extensive research, the regulation of mitochondrial function is still not understood completely. Ample evidence shows that cytosolic Ca2+ has a strategic task in co-ordinating the cellular work load and the regeneration of ATP by mitochondria. Currently, the paradigmatic view is that Cacyt2+ taken up by the Ca2+ uniporter activates the matrix(More)
  • A Minajeva, A Kaasik, +4 authors R Ventura-Clapier
  • The American journal of physiology
  • 1997
The relationships between the contractile characteristics and the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) function of rat atrial and ventricular trabeculae were compared. The isometric developed tension (DT) and the rates of contraction (+ dT/dt) and relaxation (-dT/dt) normalized to cross-sectional area were 3.7, 2.2, and 1.8 times lower, respectively, in intact(More)
Quantitative Evaluation of Relationship between Cardiac Energy Metabolism and Post-ischemic Recovery of Contractile Function. Mechanisms of ischemic damage were studied by defining the relationships between post-ischemic work recovery and tissue ATP levels in isolated rat hearts as well as mitochondrial respiration rates in skinned myofibrils. Pre-ischemic(More)
Recent studies have revealed the structural and functional interactions between mitochondria, myofibrils and sarcoplasmic reticulum in cardiac cells. Direct channeling of adenosine phosphates between organelles identified in the experiments indicates that diffusion of adenosine phosphates is limited in cardiac cells due to very specific intracellular(More)