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The cytochrome P450 family (CYPs) and the glutathione S-transferase (GSTs) enzymes play an important role in the metabolism of environmental carcinogens and of oestrogen and can affect breast cancer risk. In this study we examine the role of the genes CYP1A1, CYP17, CYP2D6, GSTM1, GSTP1 and GSTT1 in breast cancer risk in Brazilian women. The study(More)
CYP1A1 and GSTP1 polymorphisms have been associated with a higher risk to develop several cancers, including oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), which is closely related to tobacco and alcohol consumption. Both genes code for enzymes that have an important role in activating or detoxifying carcinogenic elements found in tobacco and other compounds, and(More)
Bone marrow transplantation (BMT) is a therapeutic process used to treat a variety of hematologic diseases. After BMT, the documentation of engrafting with the use of genetic markers is obligatory. C-band polymorphism is an excellent genetic marker because it occurs with high frequency in all populations studied and shows a high stability in vitro and in(More)
CXCL12 is a chemokine that is constitutively expressed in many organs and tissues. CXCL12 promoter hypermethylation has been detected in primary breast tumours and contributes to their metastatic potential. It has been shown that the oestrogen receptor α (ESR1) gene can also be silenced by DNA methylation. In this study, we used methylation-specific PCR(More)
Changes in the expression of the protein disulfide isomerase genes PDIA3 and PDIA6 may increase endoplasmic reticulum stress, leading to cellular instability and neoplasia. We evaluated the expression of PDIA3 and PDIA6 in invasive ductal carcinomas. Using reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction, we compared the mRNA expression level in(More)
Microsatellites are short tandem repeat sequences dispersed throughout the genome. Their instability at multiple genetic loci may result from mismatch repair errors and it occurs in hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer. This instability is also found in many sporadic cancers. In order to evaluate the importance of this process in myeloid leukemias, we(More)
Chemokines and their receptors are involved in the development and cancer progression. The chemokine CXCL12 interacts with its receptor, CXCR4, to promote cellular adhesion, survival, proliferation and migration. The CXCR4 gene is upregulated in several types of cancers, including skin, lung, pancreas, brain and breast tumors. In pancreatic cancer and(More)
AIM The evaluation of allelic losses at the FHIT and the BRCA1 genes and at three other loci at the 17q region in a series of 34 sporadic breast cancer cases from Southern Brazil. METHODS The samples were evaluated for loss of heterozygosity (LOH) at the FHIT and the BRCA1 genes and at three other microsatellite markers at 17q, and the findings were(More)
ADAM33 protein is a member of the family of transmembrane glycoproteins composed of multidomains. ADAM family members have different activities, such as proteolysis and adhesion, making them good candidates to mediate the extracellular matrix remodelling and changes in cellular adhesion that characterise certain pathologies and cancer development. It was(More)
The sentinel lymph node (SLN) is considered to be the first axillary node that contains malignant cells in metastatic breast tumors, and its positivity is currently used in clinical practice as an indication for axillary lymph node dissection. Therefore, accurate evaluation of the SLN for the presence of breast metastatic cells is essential. The main aim of(More)