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Suspension cultures of Coleus blumei (Lamiaceae) treated with either an elicitor preparation from the culture medium of the phytopathogenic oomycete Pythium aphanidermatum or with methyl jasmonate enhanced accumulation of rosmarinic acid approximately threefold. The specific activities of phenylalanine ammonia lyase and rosmarinic acid synthase were also(More)
Diabetic patients frequently suffer from retinopathy, nephropathy, neuropathy and accelerated atherosclerosis. The loss of endothelial function precedes these vascular alterations. Here we report that activation of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) is an important factor in the pathogenesis of endothelial dysfunction in diabetes. Destruction of islet cells(More)
Objective and design: Oxygen- and nitrogen-derived free radicals and oxidants play an important role in the pathogenesis of various forms of inflammation. Recent work emphasizes the importance of oxidant-induced DNA strand breakage and activation of the nuclear enzyme poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) in the pathogenesis of various inflammatory diseases.(More)
Peroxynitrite-induced poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase activation has been implicated in the pathogenesis of various inflammatory conditions. Here we have investigated whether peroxynitrite and poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase may play a role in the pathophysiology of the elicitation phase of contact hypersensitivity. We have detected nitrotyrosine, DNA breakage, and(More)
Hemorrhagic shock (HS) and resuscitation leads to widespread production of oxidant species. Activation of the enzyme poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) has been shown to contribute to cell necrosis and organ failure in various disease conditions associated with oxidative stress. We tested the hypothesis whether PARP activation plays a role in the multiple(More)
A vesiculobullous eruption with clinical and histological features of bullous pemphigoid developed in a 38-year-old woman with proved systemic lupus erythematosus. The patient had a sulphone responsive blistering disease that was characterized by pruritic subepidermal bullae and linear, predominantly IgA basement membrane zone deposition and IgA pemphigoid(More)
Nitroxyl (NO(-)/HNO), has been proposed to be one of the NO(*)-derived cytotoxic species. Although the biological effect of nitroxyl is largely unknown, it has been reported to cause DNA breakage and cytotoxicity. We have therefore investigated whether NO(-)/HNO-induced DNA single-strand breakage activates the nuclear nick sensor enzyme poly(ADP-ribose)(More)
Patients with severe burn and/or smoke inhalation injury suffer both systemic and pulmonary vascular hyperpermeability. We hypothesized that nitric oxide (NO) produced by inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) plays a role in the changes in microvascular permeability seen with this injury. To test the hypothesis, we administered mercaptoethylguanidine(More)
Parameters of thyroid metabolism, and the presence of anti-thyroid antibodies were investigated in 43 patients with systemic sclerosis. Anti-thyroid antibodies were detected in 14 cases. Elevated levels of anti-thyroglobulin antibodies were determined in 4 cases, anti-thyroid peroxidase (TPO) antibodies in 11, and anti-microsomal antibodies in 5. The(More)