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Diabetic patients frequently suffer from retinopathy, nephropathy, neuropathy and accelerated atherosclerosis. The loss of endothelial function precedes these vascular alterations. Here we report that activation of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) is an important factor in the pathogenesis of endothelial dysfunction in diabetes. Destruction of islet cells(More)
OBJECTIVE AND DESIGN Oxygen- and nitrogen-derived free radicals and oxidants play an important role in the pathogenesis of various forms of inflammation. Recent work emphasizes the importance of oxidant-induced DNA strand breakage and activation of the nuclear enzyme poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) in the pathogenesis of various inflammatory diseases. We(More)
Hemorrhagic shock (HS) and resuscitation leads to widespread production of oxidant species. Activation of the enzyme poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) has been shown to contribute to cell necrosis and organ failure in various disease conditions associated with oxidative stress. We tested the hypothesis whether PARP activation plays a role in the multiple(More)
Peroxynitrite-induced poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase activation has been implicated in the pathogenesis of various inflammatory conditions. Here we have investigated whether peroxynitrite and poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase may play a role in the pathophysiology of the elicitation phase of contact hypersensitivity. We have detected nitrotyrosine, DNA breakage, and(More)
Patients with severe burn and/or smoke inhalation injury suffer both systemic and pulmonary vascular hyperpermeability. We hypothesized that nitric oxide (NO) produced by inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) plays a role in the changes in microvascular permeability seen with this injury. To test the hypothesis, we administered mercaptoethylguanidine(More)
Robust HPLC separations lead to fewer analysis failures and better method transfer as well as providing an assurance of quality. This work presents the systematic development of an optimal, robust, fast UHPLC method for the simultaneous assay of two APIs of an eye drop sample and their impurities, in accordance with Quality by Design principles.(More)
Nitroxyl (NO(-)/HNO), has been proposed to be one of the NO(*)-derived cytotoxic species. Although the biological effect of nitroxyl is largely unknown, it has been reported to cause DNA breakage and cytotoxicity. We have therefore investigated whether NO(-)/HNO-induced DNA single-strand breakage activates the nuclear nick sensor enzyme poly(ADP-ribose)(More)
The morphogenesis of the mesenchymal cardiogenic plate, the formation of the bilateral heart primordia leading to the primitive heart tube, and also the genesis of the endocardial tube, have been studied in 1 to 13 somite chick embryos. The morphological data were compared with those obtained in electrophysiological studies of the development of the cardiac(More)
Monoclonal fumonisin B(1) antibodies with high titer were raised by using FB(1)-glutaraldehyde-keyhole limpet hemocyanin immunogen prepared by a short cross-linker reagent (glutaraldehyde). Mean cross-reactivities of the selected monoclonal antibody for FB(1), FB(2), and FB(3) were 100, 91.8, and 209%, respectively; no reactivity was found with hydrolyzed(More)