Learn More
Diabetic patients frequently suffer from retinopathy, nephropathy, neuropathy and accelerated atherosclerosis. The loss of endothelial function precedes these vascular alterations. Here we report that activation of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) is an important factor in the pathogenesis of endothelial dysfunction in diabetes. Destruction of islet cells(More)
Objective and design: Oxygen- and nitrogen-derived free radicals and oxidants play an important role in the pathogenesis of various forms of inflammation. Recent work emphasizes the importance of oxidant-induced DNA strand breakage and activation of the nuclear enzyme poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) in the pathogenesis of various inflammatory diseases.(More)
Hemorrhagic shock (HS) and resuscitation leads to widespread production of oxidant species. Activation of the enzyme poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) has been shown to contribute to cell necrosis and organ failure in various disease conditions associated with oxidative stress. We tested the hypothesis whether PARP activation plays a role in the multiple(More)
Peroxynitrite-induced poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase activation has been implicated in the pathogenesis of various inflammatory conditions. Here we have investigated whether peroxynitrite and poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase may play a role in the pathophysiology of the elicitation phase of contact hypersensitivity. We have detected nitrotyrosine, DNA breakage, and(More)
Nitroxyl (NO(-)/HNO), has been proposed to be one of the NO(*)-derived cytotoxic species. Although the biological effect of nitroxyl is largely unknown, it has been reported to cause DNA breakage and cytotoxicity. We have therefore investigated whether NO(-)/HNO-induced DNA single-strand breakage activates the nuclear nick sensor enzyme poly(ADP-ribose)(More)
Disorders of serum proteins, circulating antibodies, immune complexes to the dermo-epidermal junction, B- and T-cell markers from peripheral blood lymphocytes and the suppressor function of peripheral mononuclear cells have been investigated in 106 patients with histologically proven discoid lupus erythematosus (discoid LE). The results confirm that this(More)
The morphogenesis of the mesenchymal cardiogenic plate, the formation of the bilateral heart primordia leading to the primitive heart tube, and also the genesis of the endocardial tube, have been studied in 1 to 13 somite chick embryos. The morphological data were compared with those obtained in electrophysiological studies of the development of the cardiac(More)
Parameters of thyroid metabolism, and the presence of anti-thyroid antibodies were investigated in 43 patients with systemic sclerosis. Anti-thyroid antibodies were detected in 14 cases. Elevated levels of anti-thyroglobulin antibodies were determined in 4 cases, anti-thyroid peroxidase (TPO) antibodies in 11, and anti-microsomal antibodies in 5. The(More)