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It has been generally accepted that carboxyhemoglobin levels between 10-20% produce mild headaches, dizziness and/or nausea. Experimental double blind exposures of 18 healthy, nonsmoking young men at rest to 7,000-24,000 ppm CO, designed to elevate COHb to 15-20% in 3-5 minutes, were followed by exposure to 232 ppm CO designed to maintain COHb level for a(More)
We examined the in vivo response time of transcutaneous oxygen measurement (PtcO2) to a step increase (100 per cent oxygen) or decrease (air) of inspired oxygen in five normal adults (age 27 +/- SD 4.5 years). The PtcO2 electrode was placed on the upper chest (sensor temperature 44 degrees C). The mean +/- SEM 63 and 95 per cent response times of PtcO2 to a(More)
  • E R Kafer
  • 1975
The aims were to examine the effects of scoliosis (angle), and age on lung volumes, elastic properties of the respiratory system, and the ventilatory response to CO2. The mean age of the 55 patients was 25.4 plus or minus SEM 2.5 yr, and the mean angle was 80 plus or minus SEM 4.2. The mean plus or minus SEM percent predicted lung volumes were vital(More)
The normoxic ventilatory drive contributes to the normal level of ventilation, and the hypoxic ventilatory drive contributes to the maintenance of adequate gas exchange in the presence of ventilation/blood flow maldistribution and increased mechanical load to breathing. This respiratory drive arises principally from stimuli at the carotid chemoreceptors.(More)
In 22 patients during thoracotomy in the lateral position, the effects of selective positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) to the dependent lung while simultaneously ventilating the non-dependent lung at zero end-expiratory pressure (ZEEP) on (1) inspired O2 concentration required to maintain adequate Pao2 during thoractomy and 2) alveolar-arterial oxygen(More)