Engy A. Mahrous

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BACKGROUND Mycobacterium ulcerans disease, or Buruli ulcer (BU), is an indolent, necrotizing infection of skin, subcutaneous tissue and, occasionally, bones. It is the third most common human mycobacteriosis worldwide, after tuberculosis and leprosy. There is evidence that M. ulcerans is an environmental pathogen transmitted to humans from aquatic niches;(More)
Mycobacterium ulcerans and Mycobacterium marinum are closely related pathogens which share an aquatic environment. The pathogenesis of these organisms in humans is limited by their inability to grow above 35 degrees C. M. marinum causes systemic disease in fish but produces localized skin infections in humans. M. ulcerans causes Buruli ulcer, a severe human(More)
BACKGROUND Mycobacterium ulcerans disease (Buruli ulcer) is a neglected tropical disease common amongst children in rural West Africa. Animal experiments have shown that tissue destruction is caused by a toxin called mycolactone. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS A molecule was identified among acetone-soluble lipid extracts from M. ulcerans (Mu)-infected(More)
Lipoteichoic acids (LTAs) are Gram-positive bacterial cell wall components that elicit mononuclear cell cytokine secretion. Cytokine-stimulating activity is thought to be dependent on retaining a high level of ester-linked D-alanine residues along the polyglycerol phosphate backbone. However, Streptococcus pyogenes LTA essentially devoid of D-alanine caused(More)
The addition of polyoxyethylene sorbitan monooleate (Tween 80) to a culture of mycobacteria greatly influences cell permeability and sensitivity to antibiotics but very little is known regarding the underlying mechanism. Here we show that Corynebacterium matruchotii (surrogate of mycobacteria) converts Tween 80 to a structural series of polyoxyethylenic(More)
Mycobacteria, including Mycobacterium tuberculosis, are characterized by a unique cell wall rich in complex lipids, glycolipids, polyketides, and terpenoids. Many of these metabolites have been shown to play important roles in mycobacterial virulence and their inherent resistance to many antibiotics. Here, we report the development of a new simple method(More)
We exploited the fact that leukemic cells utilize significantly higher levels of S-adenosylmethionine (SAMe) than normal lymphocytes and developed tools that selectively diminished their survival under physiologic conditions. Using RNA interference gene silencing technology, we modulated the kinetics of methionine adenosyltransferase-II (MAT-II), which(More)
The use of NMR spectroscopy in lipid research has been traditionally reserved for the analysis and structural elucidation of discrete lipid molecules. Although NMR analysis of organic molecules provides a plethora of structural information that is normally unattainable by most other techniques, its use for global analysis of mixed lipid pools has been(More)
Ramy R. Attia, Lidia Gardner, Engy Mahrous, Debra J. Taxman, Leighton LeGros, Sarah Rowe, Jenny P-Y. Ting, Arthur Geller and Malak Kotb* University of Tennessee Health Science Center and Research Service, VA Medical Center, Memphis, TN; Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of North Carolina, Chapel(More)