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Blastocystis infection has been reported to be associated with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and chronic diarrhoea. The availability of data on the subtypes of Blastocystis found in these patient groups would be of interest in understanding the significance of Blastocystis infection in chronic illness. In this study, we(More)
Therapy with metronidazole is the recommended option in giardiasis. However, some clinical trial reports suggest the appearance of drug resistance to explain therapeutic failure. Several investigations have been carried out on the effect of probiotic microorganisms for preventing or treating gastrointestinal diseases, but little is known about their(More)
PCR-RFLP (restriction fragment length polymorphism) analysis was used to determine the relation of Giardia duodenalis Groups A and B. Of these, 17 (85%) were found as Group A in symptomatic cases; 22 (92%) were Group B in asymptomatic cases by using PCR-RFLP (p < 0.001). Interestingly, 5 (83%) were Group A in examination of endoscopy aspirates of(More)
We report two cases (a 36-year-old woman and 2-year-old girl) infected with Entamoeba moshkovskii in Turkey. Entamoeba moshkovskii was identified and distinguished from the morphologically identical parasites E. histolytica and E. dispar by a nested polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis of the small subunit(More)
Toxoplasmosis has been well known as an important human infection to consider especially in pregnant women. Although many serologic methods are available, the diagnosis of toxoplasmosis can be extremely difficult. The presence of increased levels of Toxoplasma-specific IgG antibodies indicates an infection, but it does not differentiate between a recent and(More)
Cyclospora cayetanensis is an agent of emerging infectious disease, and a recognized cause of diarrhea in some patients. Also, the flagellated protozoan, Giardia intestinalis, induces a diarrheal illness of the small intestine. Cases of cyclosporiasis are frequently missed, primarily due to the fact that the parasite can be quite difficult to detect in(More)
BACKGROUND The medicinal use of maggots for the biological debridement of chronic wounds is increasing around the world, due to its efficacy, safety and simplicity. Thousands of patients have been treated in private and governmental hospitals during the last 10 years. OBJECTIVE To examine the efficacy of maggot debridement therapy (MDT) in the debridement(More)
Azithromycin is one of a new class of antibiotics known as azalides. Azithromycin has high tissue affinity and this feature is thought to be due to the presence of two basic tertiary amine groups. Leishmania major, one of the causative agents of cutaneous leishmaniosis, is an obligate intracellular parasite. In this in vitro study, the potential(More)
BACKGROUND The protozoan parasite Cryptosporidium parvum, which causes acute gastroenteritis in both humans and animals, has become an important pathogen all over the world. C. parvum may cause asymptomatic or symptomatic acute infections of the digestive system in immunocompetent subjects, but life-threatening disease in immunocompromised hosts. The aim of(More)
Diagnosis of amebiasis is usually performed on a clinical basis alone in most endemic countries having limited economic resources. This epidemiological study was conducted using modern diagnostic tests for amebiasis in the southeastern region of Turkey, an endemic area for amebiasis. The population of this study included patients with symptomatic(More)