Eneida de Paula

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Many pharmacologically active compounds are of amphiphilic (or hydrophobic) nature. As a result, they tend to self-associate and to interact with biological membranes. This review focuses on the self-aggregation properties of drugs, as well as on their interaction with membranes. It is seen that drug-membrane interactions are analogous to the interactions(More)
In the present study, we investigated the interaction of the non-ionic surfactants polyoxyethylene alkyl ethers (C(n)E(m)) with erythrocyte membranes. For this purpose we have performed hemolytic assays under isosmotic conditions with five surfactants in the 8 polyoxyethylene ether series. By applying to the hemolytic curves a quantitative treatment(More)
Although technological innovations in the area of drug delivery claim for varied benefits, increasing the drug therapeutic index for human clinical application is the main goal pursued. Drug delivery systems for local anesthetics (LA) have attracted researchers due to many biomedical advantages associated to their application. Formulation approaches to(More)
Local anesthetics are able to induce pain relief by binding to the sodium channel of excitable membranes, blocking the influx of sodium ions and the propagation of the nervous impulse. Benzocaine (BZC) is a local anesthetic whose low water-solubility limits its application to topical formulations. The present work focuses on the characterization of(More)
This work elucidates differences in the hemolytic pathway developed by the antipsychotic trifluoperazine (TFP), the local anesthetic dibucaine (DBC) and the antihelminthic praziquantel (PZQ). Their partition coefficients (P) were measured at pH 7.4 between n-octanol, microsomes, liposomes, erythrocyte ghosts and n-octanol/water. The effective drug:lipid(More)
INTRODUCTION One of the most common strategies for pain control during and after surgical procedures is the use of local anesthetics. Prolonged analgesia can be safely achieved with drug delivery systems suitably chosen for each local anesthetic agent. AREAS COVERED This review considers drug delivery formulations of local anesthetics designed to prolong(More)
In this work, poloxamer (PL)-based binary hydrogels, composed of PL 407 and PL 188, were studied with regard to the physicochemical aspects of sol-gel transition and pharmaceutical formulation issues such as dissolution-release profiles. In particular, we evaluated the cytotoxicity, genotoxicity, and in vivo pharmacological performance of PL 407 and PL(More)
The interaction of the antipsychotic drug trifluoperazine (TFP) with membranes was investigated in terms of lipid phase perturbation. TFP partition coefficients (P) were measured by phase separation between octanol/water and model membranes/water. The profile of P values at pH 7.4 was: microsomes (7172+/-1229)>liposomes (1916+/-341)>erythrocyte ghosts(More)
PURPOSE This study reports the development and in vivo evaluation of a liposomal system for the local anesthetic, prilocaine. METHODS Liposomal prilocaine was prepared with egg phosphatidylcholine, cholesterol and a-tocopherol (4:3:0.07 molar ratio). The size of the liposomes was measured by laser light scattering and the effect of prilocaine on membrane(More)
Local anesthetics (LA) are among the most important pharmacological compounds used to attenuate or eliminate pain. However, systemic toxicity is still a limitation for LA application, especially for ester-type drugs, such as tetracaine (TTC) that presents poor chemical stability (due to hydrolysis by plasma esterases). Several approaches have been used to(More)