Enedina Maria Lobato Oliveira

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Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a common disease in Western countries of temperate/cold climate, but in tropical countries an increasing number of cases have been diagnosticated. Moved by the lack of information about cognitive dysfunction of Brazilian MS patients, the present study attempted to describe features of neuropsychological alterations in patients(More)
Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is a demyelinating disease consisting of relapsing-remitting optic neuritis and myelitis with a more severe course than Multiple Sclerosis. Recently, it has been shown that almost 50% of patients with NMO can have brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) abnormalities. We report on six Brazilian patients with NMO, fulfilling the(More)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is best understood as an inflammatory disease of the central nervous system (CNS) white matter characterized by demyelination, focal T cell and macrophage infiltrates, axonal injury and loss of neurological function. Our current understanding invokes proinflammatory cells and mediators that may be triggered by environmental factors(More)
We compared 25 patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and 24 normal controls on a test of free recall of words. Some lists contained words that were all unrelated, while in others the intermediary words were semantically related. In another set, the mid-list words were repeated across the lists, or, in addition to the repetition, were semantically(More)
Traditionally, emphasis has been placed on the roles of Th cells in generating and amplifying both cellular and humoral memory responses. Little is known about the potential contributions of B cell subsets to immunological memory. Resting memory B cells have generally been regarded as poor APC, attributed in part to the relative paucity of costimulatory(More)
Less than a hundred cases of pregnancies in women with neuromyelitis optica (NMO) have been published in the world. The aim of the present study was to add the Brazilian experience to this subject. Cases of women with NMO who became pregnant, or who developed NMO soon after pregnancy, were included. Retrospective analysis of medical data from these patients(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have demonstrated a correlation between Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) and Diffusion Tensor Imaging (DTI) metrics, but the conclusions were based on evaluations of the entire cervical spinal cord. OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to quantify the FA and MD values in the spinal cord of NMO patients, separating(More)
BACKGROUND Neuromyelitis optica with onset before the age of 18 years is a relatively rare, yet potentially devastating condition. The objective of the present study was to contribute to the study of early-onset neuromyelitis optica with a case series. PATIENTS Data were collected from medical records of Brazilian neurologists caring for patients with(More)
UNLABELLED Once-daily fingolimod 0.5 mg (FTY720; Gilenya(®), Novartis Pharma AG, Basel, Switzerland) is a sphingosine 1-phosphate receptor modulator that is approved for the treatment of relapsing multiple sclerosis (MS); currently, this includes approval in 13 Latin American countries. However, despite a well-characterized efficacy and safety profile in a(More)