Enders K.O. Ng

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OBJECTIVE MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been shown to offer great potential in the diagnosis of cancer. We investigated whether plasma miRNAs could discriminate between patients with and without colorectal cancer (CRC). METHODS This study was divided into three phases: (1) marker discovery using real-time PCR-based miRNA profiling on plasma, corresponding(More)
H19 is an imprinted oncofetal non-coding RNA recently shown to be the precursor of miR-675. The pathophysiological roles of H19 and its mature product miR-675 to carcinogenesis have, however, not been defined. By quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, both H19 and miR-675 were found to be upregulated in human colon cancer cell lines(More)
BACKGROUND MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are 19-25-nucleotides regulatory non-protein-coding RNA molecules that regulate the expressions of a wide variety of genes, including some involved in cancer development. In this study, we investigated the possible role of miR-143 in colorectal cancer (CRC). METHODS Expression levels of human mature miRNAs were examined using(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies have demonstrated the existence of circulating mitochondrial DNA in plasma and serum, but the concentrations and physical characteristics of circulating mitochondrial DNA are unknown. The aim of this study was to develop an assay to quantify mitochondrial DNA in the plasma of healthy individuals. METHODS We adopted a real-time(More)
Using genome-wide promoter methylation analysis, we identified a disintegrin-like and metalloprotease with thrombospondin type 1 motif 9 (ADAMTS9) is methylated in cancer. We aim to clarify its epigenetic inactivation, biological function and clinical implication in gastric cancer. ADAMTS9 was silenced in 6 out of 8 gastric cancer cell lines. The loss of(More)
BACKGROUND Circulating RNA in plasma/serum is an emerging field for noninvasive molecular diagnosis. Because RNA is widely thought to be labile in the circulation, we investigated the stability and various preanalytical factors that may affect RNA concentrations in blood specimens. METHODS Blood samples were collected from 65 healthy volunteers. The(More)
T he discovery of fetal DNA in the plasma of pregnant women has led to the development of promising approaches for non-invasive prenatal diagnosis. However, as fetal and maternal DNA species co-exist in maternal plasma, these DNA based diagnostic applications depend largely on the use of genetic markers that would allow the discrimination between fetal and(More)
The discovery of circulating fetal nucleic acid in maternal plasma has opened up new possibilities for noninvasive prenatal diagnosis. Thus far, a gender- and polymorphism-independent fetal-specific target that can be used for prenatal screening and monitoring in all pregnant women has not been reported. In addition, the origin of such circulating nucleic(More)
Tumour suppressor genes (TSGs) were frequently inactivated through promoter hypermethylation in gastric carcinoma as well as pre-malignant gastric lesions, suggesting that promoter hypermethylation can be used as a marker to define novel TSGs and also biomarkers for early detection of gastric cancer. In an effort to search for such genes aberrantly(More)
Cigarette smoke is one of the risk factors for gastric cancer and nicotine has been reported to promote tumor growth. Deregulation of microRNA (miRNA) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expressions are hallmarks of many cancers including gastric cancer. Here, we used an miRNA array platform covering a panel of 95 human miRNAs to examine the expression profile in(More)