Encarnación Clavijo

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BACKGROUND Cirrhosis is a diffuse process of hepatic fibrosis and regenerative nodule formation. The liver is the major source of circulating insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) whose plasma levels are diminished in cirrhosis. IGF-I supplementation has been shown to induce beneficial effects in cirrhosis, including antifibrogenic and hepatoprotective(More)
BACKGROUND The exogenous administration of Insulin-like Growth Factor-I (IGF-I) induces hepatoprotective and antifibrogenic actions in experimental liver cirrhosis. To better understand the possible pathways behind the beneficial effect of IGF-I, the aim of this work was to investigate severe parameters involved in oxidative damage in hepatic tissue from(More)
To fulfill the need for a simple and rapid diagnostic test for human brucellosis, we used the immunochromatographic lateral flow assay format to develop two assays, one for the detection of Brucella-specific immunoglobulin M (IgM) antibodies and one for the detection of Brucella-specific IgG antibodies. The diagnostic values of these tests were examined.(More)
BACKGROUND Microbiologic diagnosis of conjunctival ophthalmomyiasis. MATERIAL AND METHODS Material extracted from three patients' conjunctiva who complained of sudden presence of foreign body and were diagnosed as conjunctival ophthalmomyiasis has been studied. Patients were recruited over two months from the Emergency Department. Diagnosis was performed(More)
PURPOSE We studied the diagnostic yield of a real-time polymerase chain reaction assay in urine samples for the rapid diagnosis of brucella epididymo-orchitis compared to that of conventional microbiological techniques. MATERIALS AND METHODS We used an SYBR Green I LightCycler based real-time polymerase chain reaction to retrospectively study 10 urine(More)
A dipstick assay for the detection of Brucella-specific immunoglobulin M (IgM) antibodies was evaluated by studying the serological response of 133 cultures and or serologically confirmed patients with brucellosis in its different stages along with those of 34 healthy controls. As regards patients with illness less than 3 months in duration, 93.1% tested(More)
A prospective study of 2676 blood cultures was performed to identify the factors associated with clinically, significant nosocomial bacteraemia that occurred during a one year period in the Malaga University Clinical Hospital. Three hundred and fifty-five episodes of bacteraemia were considered clinically significant. The overall incidence of bacteraemia(More)
We have screened for the incidence of vascular ophthalmological side effects (VOSE) in chronic hepatitis C (CHC) patients undergoing pegylated interferon (peg-IFN) plus ribavirin (RBV) therapy and sought evidence for angiogenesis activation. Thirty-four CHC patients were prospectively evaluated (18 patients with 180 microg/week of peg-IFN-alpha2a plus(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The current definition of the pattern of liver injury in hepatotoxicity (DILI) is given by the R (ratio) value, dividing alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) in upper limits of normal at DILI onset. We aimed to explore the validity of using aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT) as(More)
The results of a dipstick assay for the detection of immunoglobulin M (IgM) to Brucella smooth lipopolysaccharide (S-LPS) correlated with those of an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for IgM and of the serum agglutination test (SAT) performed with and without dithiothreitol. Two sera which were dithiothreitol-sensitive and were dipstick negative(More)