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We recently described that melatonin and some kynurenines modulate the N-methyl-D-aspartate-dependent excitatory response in rat striatal neurons, an effect that could be related to their inhibition of nNOS. In this report, we studied the effect of melatonin and these kynurenines on nNOS activity in both rat striatal homogenate and purified rat brain nNOS.(More)
Melatonin prevents mitochondrial failure in models of sepsis through its ability to inhibit the expression and activity of both cytosolic (iNOS) and mitochondrial (i-mtNOS) inducible nitric oxide synthases. Because Parkinson's disease (PD), like sepsis, is associated with iNOS induction, we assessed the existence of changes in iNOS/i-mtNOS and their(More)
We assessed the effects of melatonin, N(1)-acetyl-N (2)-formyl-5-methoxykynuramine (AFMK) and N(1)-acetyl-5-methoxykynuramine (AMK) on neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) activity in vitro and in rat striatum in vivo. Melatonin and AMK (10(-11)-10(-3) m), but not AFMK, inhibited nNOS activity in vitro in a dose-response manner. The IC(50) value for AMK(More)
Tryptophan is mainly metabolized in the brain through methoxyindole and kynurenine pathways. The methoxyindole pathway produces (among other compounds) melatonin, which displays inhibitory effects on human and animal central nervous systems, including a significant attenuation of excitatory, glutamate-mediated responses. The kynurenine pathway produces(More)
The overstimulation of the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) subtype of glutamate receptors is involved in excitotoxicity, a process participating in neurodegeneration that characterizes some neurological disorders and acute cerebral insults. In looking for compounds with neuroprotective properties, a series of kynurenine derivatives were synthesized, and their(More)
Melatonin attenuates the excitatory response of striatal neurons to sensorimotor cortex (SMCx) stimulation, which may be the basis for its neuroprotective role. Searching for new compounds with melatonin-like properties, the effects of several kynurenine derivatives in the response of the rat striatum to SMCx stimulation were studied using(More)
Mitochondrial complex I inhibition is thought to underlie the neurodegenerative process in Parkinson's disease (PD). Moreover, an overproduction of nitric oxide due to both cytosolic (iNOS) and mitochondrial (i-mtNOS) inducible nitric oxide synthases causes free radicals generation and oxidative/nitrosative stress, contributing to mitochondrial dysfunction(More)
The antiproliferative and proapoptotic properties of melatonin in human colon cancer cells in culture were recently reported. To address the mechanisms involved in these actions, HT-29 human colon cancer cells were cultured in RPMI 1640 medium supplemented with fetal bovine serum at 37 degrees C. Cell proliferation was assessed by the incorporation of(More)